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Formula 1® Update (v8.7) - Patch Notes

2020.09.04 22:00 Corporal_Cavernosa Formula 1® Update (v8.7) - Patch Notes

Real Racing 3 - Formula 1® Update

It’s time to celebrate 70 Years of Formula 1® as an all-new season launches in Real Racing 3! The pinnacle of motorsport returns with all new cars, drivers and events as well as new remixed music tracks by artists from Dim Mak Records. This incredible new season begins in this massive update:

New Cars

2020 Season Formula 1® Cars
Max PR does not account for PR gained from Tuning Setups
New Cars Min PR PR with Max Level Driver + Principal Cost
Renault R.S.20 115.8 121.1 M$2,500,000
Red Bull Racing RB16 115.9 121.2 M$2,500,000
AlphaTauri AT01 115.6 120.9 M$2,500,000
Ferrari SF1000 115.8 121.1 M$2,500,000
Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance 116.0 121.3 M$2,500,000
Haas VF-20 115.6 120.9 M$2,500,000
Alfa Romeo Racing C39 115.6 120.9 M$2,500,000
McLaren MCL35 115.8 121.1 M$2,500,000
Racing Point RP20 115.8 121.1 M$2,500,000
Williams FW43 115.6 120.9 M$2,500,000
 
Developer Notes:
 
For the Formula 1® 2020 cars, we have made some handling adjustments based on player feedback on the 2019 cars. 2020 Season cars will have less grip in low speed corners, while high speed turns should feel similar to the 2019 Season. While the 2020 cars’ base performance stats are similar to the 2019 content, you will notice higher lap times due to the low-speed grip tweaks.
 

New Road Collection Car

Porsche 935 (2019)
Performance Rating: 75.3 -> 93.3
Cost: 850 Gold
 

Setups

Based on player feedback from our 2020 Endurance GT and Season 6 ABB Formula E events, we’ve added Tuning Setups - a way to continue tuning your car outside of Special Events.
Install a unique Tuning Setup to improve your Motorsports cars. Tuning Setups are uniquely tailored to each event and, once earned, can be installed on any car within the same Motorsports Series and Season to improve its PR outside of Special Events. Complete Special Events to collect different Tuning Setups!
The first time you install a Tuning Setup on a car, it’s free. Swapping between setups later costs M$. Both Installing and Swapping Tuning Setups takes time, but also awards Principal XP.
Tuning Setups have also been added to the 2020 Endurance GT Cars and the Season 6 ABB Formula E Cars. If you previously completed any Special Events with these cars, you will automatically be given the corresponding Tuning Setup to apply to any car in that Motorsports Season. The Tuning Setup will come with pre-installed steps, based on the number of Tuning Steps you purchased during that Special Event, up to the maximum number of steps for the Tuning Setup.
If you would like any further information, we have created an FAQ here.
 

Tuning Setups for the 2020 Endurance GT Racing Cars

2020 Chevrolet Corvette C8.R, 2020 Porsche 911 RSR and 2019 Aston Martin Vantage GTE
If you completed Gearbox Mapping Power Unit Optimization Brake Calibration Suspension Adjustments
Race Day: Le Mans 2020 10 Steps 7 Steps 8 Steps 3 Steps
GTE Endurance Championship 2020 6 Steps 7 Steps 7 Steps 8 Steps

Tuning Setups for the Season 6 Formula E Cars

Envision Virgin Racing Audi e-tron FE06, NIO FE-006, Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01, PENSKE EV-4, Audi e-tron FE06, DS E-Tense FE20, Porsche 99X Electric, ROKiT Venturi Racing Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01, Jaguar I-Type 4, NISSAN IM02, BMW iFE.20 and Mahindra M6Electro
If you completed Gearbox Mapping Power Unit Optimization Brake Calibration Suspension Adjustments
Formula E BMW i Berlin E-Prix 8 Steps 8 Steps 7 Steps 5 Steps
Formula E New York City E-Prix 2020 5 Steps 6 Steps 9 Steps 8 Steps

Changes to Drivers and Principals

 

New bonuses for reaching Max Level with your Motorsports Drivers and Principals

New Special Events

FORMULA 1 ROLEX BELGIAN GRAND PRIX 2020
First chance to start: Tuesday, 8 September 2020
Rewards: M$200,000, 50 Gold, the Belgian Grand Prix™ Tuning Setup and a 2020 Season Formula 1® Car of the Player’s Choice
Maximum Required PR: 122.8 - 123.2 (depending on chosen car)
 
Belgian Grand Prix™ Tuning Setup:
Gearbox Mapping Power Unit Optimization Brake Calibration Suspension Adjustments
9 Steps 6 Steps 7 Steps 6 Steps
 
FORMULA 1 PIRELLI BRITISH GRAND PRIX 2020
First chance to start: Friday, 18 September 2020
Rewards: M$200,000, 75 Gold, the British Grand Prix™ Tuning Setup and a 2020 Season Formula 1® Car of the Player’s Choice
British Grand Prix™ Tuning Setup:
Gearbox Mapping Power Unit Optimization Brake Calibration Suspension Adjustments
8 Steps 7 Steps 7 Steps 6 Steps

New Limited Time Events

Limited Time Event Rewards Start Date End Date Max Reqd PR
Koenigsegg Agera RS Championship Koenigsegg Agera RS, 60 Gold, R$250,000 28 Sept 4 Oct 93.2
Porsche 935 Championship Porsche 935 (2019), 75 Gold, R$250,000 6 Oct 12 Oct 88.8
 
Time Trial Competition Cars Rewards Start Date End Date
FORMULA 1® 2020 DIM MAK TTC F1® Academy Car, All 2020 F1® Cars Dim Mak livery for the F1® Academy Car and Gold rewards for participation 29 Sept 12 Oct

Race Teams Challenges

As many of you know, we’ve been hard at work behind the scenes on addressing the cheating issues in Race Teams Challenges. For this update, we will be running a limited number of Challenges as a stress-test before we return to a regular schedule in a future update.
As you may have noticed below, the Top Speed Challenge will be limited to a Cup event within the GTE 2020 Season. We’re using this test schedule as an opportunity to gather feedback on limiting available Event types for future Top Speed Challenges—please let us know your thoughts!
 
Race Team Challenge Start Date End Date
Porsche Spa Overtaking Challenge 13 Sept 14 Sept
Silverstone 2020 GTE Cup Top Speed Challenge 15 Sept 16 Sept
BT62 Laguna Seca Distance Challenge 17 Sept 18 Sept

New Motorsports Content

Formula 1® 2020
2020 Champion Series
Cars: All 2020 Season Formula 1® Cars
Rewards: M$375,000
Unlocked by owning any of the new 2020 F1® Cars
 
Invitationals
Car Rewards
AlphaTauri AT01 50 Gold, M$100,000
Ferrari SF1000 50 Gold, M$100,000
Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance 50 Gold, M$100,000
Haas VF-20 50 Gold, M$100,000
Alfa Romeo Racing C39 50 Gold, M$100,000
McLaren MCL35 50 Gold, M$100,000
Racing Point RP20 50 Gold, M$100,000
Renault R.S.20 50 Gold, M$100,000
Red Bull Racing RB16 50 Gold, M$100,000
Williams FW43 50 Gold, M$100,000

Other

New Bonus Series

Peak Porsche Performance
Cars: Porsche 911 GT2 RS, Porsche 911 GT2 RS Clubsport, Porsche 935 (2019)
Rewards: 79 Gold, R$79,000
Location: LEGEND
Unlocks from: 19 Trophies in Zenith Series
Maximum Required PR: 92.6

Exclusive Series

Brabham BT62
Rewards: 160 Gold, R$250,000

Misc

 
Formula E 2019-20 Season Driver roster update:
 
Formula 1® Academy Car:
 

Weekly Time Trial Schedule

Week Start Date End Date Weekly Time Trial Cars
1 8 Sep 14 Sep Acura NSX GT3 (loaned), BMW M6 GT3, Lamborghini Huracán GT3, Ferrari 488 GT3
2 15 Sep 21 Sep McLaren F1 GTR (loaned), NISSAN R390 GT1, Mercedes-Benz CLK-LM
3 22 Sep 28 Sep BMW Driving Experience M4 Racing (loaned), Mercedes-AMG C 63 Touring Car, Porsche 911 GT3 R
4 29 Sep 5 Oct Bugatti Chiron Sport (loaned), Pagani Huayra BC, Koenigsegg Agera RS
5 6 Oct 12 Oct Porsche 911 RSR (2013) (loaned), Porsche 911 RSR (2014), Porsche 911 RSR (2015), Porsche 911 RSR (2016), Porsche 911 RSR (2017), Porsche 911 RSR (2018), Porsche 911 RSR (2019)
 

Online Multiplayer Schedule

Week Start Date End Date Online Multiplayer Cars
1 8 Sep 14 Sep Ferrari 360 Modena (loaned), Lamborghini Diablo SV, Bugatti EB 110 Super Sport
2 15 Sep 21 Sep Ferrari F12tdf (loaned), Ferrari J50, Ferrari 812 Superfast
3 22 Sep 28 Sep Lotus Type 125 (loaned), Porsche 919 Hybrid Evo, Ferrari F14 T
4 29 Sep 5 Oct Ford GT (2017) (loaned), McLaren 720S Coupe, McLaren Senna
5 6 Oct 12 Oct Porsche 935 (loaned), Porsche 917K, Porsche 936/77 Spyder
 
The Formula 1® update will be available to download on September 8, 2020.
All data obtained via EATM Game Changers program
submitted by Corporal_Cavernosa to realracing [link] [comments]


2020.09.04 22:00 Corporal_Cavernosa Formula 1® Update (v8.7) - Patch Notes

Real Racing 3 - Formula 1® Update

It’s time to celebrate 70 Years of Formula 1® as an all-new season launches in Real Racing 3! The pinnacle of motorsport returns with all new cars, drivers and events as well as new remixed music tracks by artists from Dim Mak Records. This incredible new season begins in this massive update:

New Cars

2020 Season Formula 1® Cars
Max PR does not account for PR gained from Tuning Setups
New Cars Min PR PR with Max Level Driver + Principal Cost
Renault R.S.20 115.8 121.1 M$2,500,000
Red Bull Racing RB16 115.9 121.2 M$2,500,000
AlphaTauri AT01 115.6 120.9 M$2,500,000
Ferrari SF1000 115.8 121.1 M$2,500,000
Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance 116.0 121.3 M$2,500,000
Haas VF-20 115.6 120.9 M$2,500,000
Alfa Romeo Racing C39 115.6 120.9 M$2,500,000
McLaren MCL35 115.8 121.1 M$2,500,000
Racing Point RP20 115.8 121.1 M$2,500,000
Williams FW43 115.6 120.9 M$2,500,000
 
Developer Notes:
 
For the Formula 1® 2020 cars, we have made some handling adjustments based on player feedback on the 2019 cars. 2020 Season cars will have less grip in low speed corners, while high speed turns should feel similar to the 2019 Season. While the 2020 cars’ base performance stats are similar to the 2019 content, you will notice higher lap times due to the low-speed grip tweaks.
 

New Road Collection Car

Porsche 935 (2019)
Performance Rating: 75.3 -> 93.3
Cost: 850 Gold
 

Setups

Based on player feedback from our 2020 Endurance GT and Season 6 ABB Formula E events, we’ve added Tuning Setups - a way to continue tuning your car outside of Special Events.
Install a unique Tuning Setup to improve your Motorsports cars. Tuning Setups are uniquely tailored to each event and, once earned, can be installed on any car within the same Motorsports Series and Season to improve its PR outside of Special Events. Complete Special Events to collect different Tuning Setups!
The first time you install a Tuning Setup on a car, it’s free. Swapping between setups later costs M$. Both Installing and Swapping Tuning Setups takes time, but also awards Principal XP.
Tuning Setups have also been added to the 2020 Endurance GT Cars and the Season 6 ABB Formula E Cars. If you previously completed any Special Events with these cars, you will automatically be given the corresponding Tuning Setup to apply to any car in that Motorsports Season. The Tuning Setup will come with pre-installed steps, based on the number of Tuning Steps you purchased during that Special Event, up to the maximum number of steps for the Tuning Setup.
If you would like any further information, we have created an FAQ here.
 

Tuning Setups for the 2020 Endurance GT Racing Cars

2020 Chevrolet Corvette C8.R, 2020 Porsche 911 RSR and 2019 Aston Martin Vantage GTE
If you completed Gearbox Mapping Power Unit Optimization Brake Calibration Suspension Adjustments
Race Day: Le Mans 2020 10 Steps 7 Steps 8 Steps 3 Steps
GTE Endurance Championship 2020 6 Steps 7 Steps 7 Steps 8 Steps

Tuning Setups for the Season 6 Formula E Cars

Envision Virgin Racing Audi e-tron FE06, NIO FE-006, Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01, PENSKE EV-4, Audi e-tron FE06, DS E-Tense FE20, Porsche 99X Electric, ROKiT Venturi Racing Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01, Jaguar I-Type 4, NISSAN IM02, BMW iFE.20 and Mahindra M6Electro
If you completed Gearbox Mapping Power Unit Optimization Brake Calibration Suspension Adjustments
Formula E BMW i Berlin E-Prix 8 Steps 8 Steps 7 Steps 5 Steps
Formula E New York City E-Prix 2020 5 Steps 6 Steps 9 Steps 8 Steps

Changes to Drivers and Principals

 

New bonuses for reaching Max Level with your Motorsports Drivers and Principals

New Special Events

FORMULA 1 ROLEX BELGIAN GRAND PRIX 2020
First chance to start: Tuesday, 8 September 2020
Rewards: M$200,000, 50 Gold, the Belgian Grand Prix™ Tuning Setup and a 2020 Season Formula 1® Car of the Player’s Choice
Maximum Required PR: 122.8 - 123.2 (depending on chosen car)
 
Belgian Grand Prix™ Tuning Setup:
Gearbox Mapping Power Unit Optimization Brake Calibration Suspension Adjustments
9 Steps 6 Steps 7 Steps 6 Steps
 
FORMULA 1 PIRELLI BRITISH GRAND PRIX 2020
First chance to start: Friday, 18 September 2020
Rewards: M$200,000, 75 Gold, the British Grand Prix™ Tuning Setup and a 2020 Season Formula 1® Car of the Player’s Choice
British Grand Prix™ Tuning Setup:
Gearbox Mapping Power Unit Optimization Brake Calibration Suspension Adjustments
8 Steps 7 Steps 7 Steps 6 Steps

New Limited Time Events

Limited Time Event Rewards Start Date End Date Max Reqd PR
Koenigsegg Agera RS Championship Koenigsegg Agera RS, 60 Gold, R$250,000 28 Sept 4 Oct 93.2
Porsche 935 Championship Porsche 935 (2019), 75 Gold, R$250,000 6 Oct 12 Oct 88.8
 
Time Trial Competition Cars Rewards Start Date End Date
FORMULA 1® 2020 DIM MAK TTC F1® Academy Car, All 2020 F1® Cars Dim Mak livery for the F1® Academy Car and Gold rewards for participation 29 Sept 12 Oct

Race Teams Challenges

As many of you know, we’ve been hard at work behind the scenes on addressing the cheating issues in Race Teams Challenges. For this update, we will be running a limited number of Challenges as a stress-test before we return to a regular schedule in a future update.
As you may have noticed below, the Top Speed Challenge will be limited to a Cup event within the GTE 2020 Season. We’re using this test schedule as an opportunity to gather feedback on limiting available Event types for future Top Speed Challenges—please let us know your thoughts!
 
Race Team Challenge Start Date End Date
Porsche Spa Overtaking Challenge 13 Sept 14 Sept
Silverstone 2020 GTE Cup Top Speed Challenge 15 Sept 16 Sept
BT62 Laguna Seca Distance Challenge 17 Sept 18 Sept

New Motorsports Content

Formula 1® 2020
2020 Champion Series
Cars: All 2020 Season Formula 1® Cars
Rewards: M$375,000
Unlocked by owning any of the new 2020 F1® Cars
 
Invitationals
Car Rewards
AlphaTauri AT01 50 Gold, M$100,000
Ferrari SF1000 50 Gold, M$100,000
Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance 50 Gold, M$100,000
Haas VF-20 50 Gold, M$100,000
Alfa Romeo Racing C39 50 Gold, M$100,000
McLaren MCL35 50 Gold, M$100,000
Racing Point RP20 50 Gold, M$100,000
Renault R.S.20 50 Gold, M$100,000
Red Bull Racing RB16 50 Gold, M$100,000
Williams FW43 50 Gold, M$100,000

Other

New Bonus Series

Peak Porsche Performance
Cars: Porsche 911 GT2 RS, Porsche 911 GT2 RS Clubsport, Porsche 935 (2019)
Rewards: 79 Gold, R$79,000
Location: LEGEND
Unlocks from: 19 Trophies in Zenith Series
Maximum Required PR: 92.6

Exclusive Series

Brabham BT62
Rewards: 160 Gold, R$250,000

Misc

 
Formula E 2019-20 Season Driver roster update:
 
Formula 1® Academy Car:
 

Weekly Time Trial Schedule

Week Start Date End Date Weekly Time Trial Cars
1 8 Sep 14 Sep Acura NSX GT3 (loaned), BMW M6 GT3, Lamborghini Huracán GT3, Ferrari 488 GT3
2 15 Sep 21 Sep McLaren F1 GTR (loaned), NISSAN R390 GT1, Mercedes-Benz CLK-LM
3 22 Sep 28 Sep BMW Driving Experience M4 Racing (loaned), Mercedes-AMG C 63 Touring Car, Porsche 911 GT3 R
4 29 Sep 5 Oct Bugatti Chiron Sport (loaned), Pagani Huayra BC, Koenigsegg Agera RS
5 6 Oct 12 Oct Porsche 911 RSR (2013) (loaned), Porsche 911 RSR (2014), Porsche 911 RSR (2015), Porsche 911 RSR (2016), Porsche 911 RSR (2017), Porsche 911 RSR (2018), Porsche 911 RSR (2019)
 

Online Multiplayer Schedule

Week Start Date End Date Online Multiplayer Cars
1 8 Sep 14 Sep Ferrari 360 Modena (loaned), Lamborghini Diablo SV, Bugatti EB 110 Super Sport
2 5 Sep 21 Sep Ferrari F12tdf (loaned), Ferrari J50, Ferrari 812 Superfast
3 22 Sep 28 Sep Lotus Type 125 (loaned), Porsche 919 Hybrid Evo, Ferrari F14 T
4 29 Sep 5 Oct Ford GT (2017) (loaned), McLaren 720S Coupe, McLaren Senna
5 6 Oct 12 Oct Porsche 935 (loaned), Porsche 917K, Porsche 936/77 Spyder
 
The Formula 1® update will be available to download on September 8, 2020.
All data obtained via EATM Game Changers program
submitted by Corporal_Cavernosa to RealRacing3 [link] [comments]


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submitted by IdolA29Augl to u/IdolA29Augl [link] [comments]


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2020.08.22 21:05 OntologicalErasure_ Gravity’s Rainbow Group Read Sections 41-45

TOILETSHIP TO ANUBIS – PASSAGE TO THE UNDERGROUND


Hello everyone, this is u/OntologicalErasure_, here is my demo on section 41 to 45. There'll be 2 parts: Part 1: TOILETSHIP and Part 2: ANUBIS. This post is a collaborative effort between me and another reddit user, u/FrenesiGates (highlighted in blue text). I sincerely apologize for my lateness (due to poor time management) and the haphazardness of this section (though rich in detail) that you will eventually notice as you keep reading. Part 2, Anubis, will come soon.
I'll be looking forward to your response and reply whenever I can <3 love y'all. Happy reading.

PART 1, TOILETSHIP

SUMMARY:
(1) Rücksichstlos
- We learned about Rücksichstlos, a war ship from a category known as ‘toiletship’ and the bizarre lifestyle of its sailors and officers. It is currently located in the Kiel Canal, in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. It is Christmastime.
- General Electric was doing surveying for its selling potential on the market. This fact we pick up from 2 new characters, Charles and Steve, GE employee.
- Steve sang a song describing his nostalgia for his old day with his fiancée, Sheila, and the futile effort to kill all mosquitoes in Buffalo Bayou (Texas, America).
(2) Horst Achtfaden
- Achtfaden, an aerodynamic engineer who worked on the Rocket component at Peenemunde, was captured by Enzian & the Schwarzkommando.
- Achtfaden’s reminiscence about an old colleague named Fahringer, as he was being investigated by Enzian for information on the mythical Schwarzgerat.
- Achtfaden pleads with them not to hit him while insisting that he knows nothing of the Schwarzgerat. He tells them that he only knew his co-workers by code-names.
- Finally he revealed Klaus Narrisch was one of the people who worked on Rocket guidance control.
_________________________________________________________________________
DETAILS:
This will come in 2 parts - part 1: Rücksichstlos and part 2: Horst Achtfaden

(1) Rücksichstlos

Personally, this section is both really satirical and reminiscent of V. period.
The overall color of the ship is grey (when empty), purple and green (crowded). All sailors and officers inhabit their own bathroom/restroom it seems, and the officer’s bathroom is in red velvet.
In the ship, old and ugly women were left to handle enlisted men’s machines.
About the Rücksichtslos’s character traits:
Toiletship is but a class, and Rücksichtslos is the flagship of all toiletships. (From Rücksicht (“consideration”) +‎ -s- +‎ -los = ruthless, inhuman.)
There are 4 main traits:
(1) Specialist’s fanaticism below the surface of Nazi’s fanaticism
(2) "… triumph of German mania for subdividing"
(3) Pynchon/narrator told Achtfaden himself – the toiletship is nothing but a wind tunnel.
(4) It was a war invention that was replaced by v-2 program :)
The Toiletship’s specialists, technologists and advocates all wore smoked grass and gray crew-cut (“The term, originally crew haircut, was most likely coined to describe the hairstyles worn by members of Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Cornell and other university crew teams,” . from wiki)
“If the house is organic,” argued the crafty early Toiletship advocates,
“family lives in the house, family’s organic, house is outward-and-visible sign, you see,”
“and if the bathroom’s part of the house—house-is-organic!
Translation is… organic things have bathroom because have to shit, you know. Kriegsmarine (navy of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945) = the house. Toiletship = the bathroom.
All mentions of organic should comfortably bring up the V. dichotomies: organic/animate versus inorganic/inanimate. But that’s not all: all the technologists of the ship were described as “Machiavellian and youthful,” another V. motif.
“Machiavellian and youthful, not quite ripe yet for paranoia,”
Of course, it’s hard not to think of the development of organic chemistry when the term ‘organic’ kept popping off on the page.
“Crew morale,” whispered the foxes at the Ministry meetings, “sailors’ superstitions. Mirrors athigh midnight. We know, don’t we?”
Foxes here no longer means Spectro or Pointsman’s ‘patients’, but reverts back to Machiavellian’s ‘lion and fox’ distinction.
One notable figure on toiletship was Albert Speer (Link) RHIP, Rank Has Its Privilege (from Urban dictionary) is a German architect, Hitler’s friend and post-war criminal from Nuremberg trials. A small note: (1) August Keluke also moved from architecture into doing architecture in chemistry :) And (2) it is said in the story that Speer already moved on from the organic. Where would he move into, I wonder…
Anyway, in the backdrop of war, we learned that the steel industry seemed to eat more and more coal, which led to the boom in ammunition. On the other hand, the oil industry is running out.
It was Speer who convinced Hitler “to finally sign the order to expedite mass production of the rocket.”

On December 22, 1942, General Dornberger along with the Minister Albert Speer, were summoned to attend an important meeting at the Ministry of War in Berlin. Hitler gave them a directive to build a hardened "blockhaus" in northern France where V-2 rockets could attack England. There would be several V-2 projects in northern France, along with the V-1 and V-3 projects that were also underway. The preparation for the V-2 launching bunkers began in late 1942. In the month of December and January, officers, engineers and scientists from Oberstleutnant Thom & Peenmünde scoured the countryside of northern France searching for appropriate sites.
So thank to the rise of the Rocket, Rücksichtslos came out already last year’s fad (in Horst Achtfaden’s words, “a derelict”).
(@/frenesi, There is a mention that the Toiletship plans were never finished because the materials that would’ve been used for all of this went to the rocket program)
[email protected]/frenesi : This toiletship thing is also a representation of the German specialization. Hitler considered Henry Ford to be an inspiring figure – the Henry Ford assembly line in which you have increased specialization of labor. This classification of things is part of this intellectual movement that Pynchon is relating to what the Germans turned into during this period. This is an extreme example of that.
[email protected]/frenesi :There is this German obsession with bricking things up into more specific little roles … this is a ship that just serves as a toilet … the logic is there would be a kitchenship and a bedroomship and a mancaveship and a livingroomship…
Now entered the due Charles and Steve - employees of General Electric. We got to know that this Toiletship is being surveyed for its selling potential on the market.
Charles is being paranoid, while Steve is being surly on top of being paranoid.
@/frenesi: Steve and Sheila – symbol SS (Schutzstaffel was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party). Examples of S alliteration: ‘sloping steel’ , ‘sausage-shaped’, ‘sailors superstitions’ Steve and Sheila…
@/frenesi: Steve sings a silly little song about the time he took Sheila on a date to a slow-moving river in Texas called Buffalo Bayou (and she got stung by a mosquito)
Of course Pynchon described as if the mosquito gave the girl a-dickin’….
So, we got a song followed by a math’s pun, I won’t comment on the pun, but the song is possibly a satire of 2 things:
(1) Operation Hydra which put Horst Achtfaden the aerodynamic engineer out of job
(2) Vietnam War
For the first thing, mosquito might be an allusion to mosquito aircraft that flies with the RAF.
On 30 January 1943, the 10th anniversary of the Nazis' seizure of power, a morning Mosquito attack knocked out the main Berlin broadcasting station while Hermann Göring was speaking, putting his speech off the air.
Kiel canal, a major U-boat base and production center in the Baltic and the current location of Rücksichtslos, was bomb-raided heavily by the Allied’s Mosquito aircraft (more than 100 times). (in officer’s bathroom, there are pictures of U-boat sinking :) so they may lose the will to shit, lol)
As for Operation Hydra (1943), please consult wiki and here (Link) :
The evening of Aug. 17, 1943, had passed pleasantly for Wernher von Braun, the technical director of the Peenemünde Army Research Center, the home for Germany’s rocket powered weapons system program. He and members of his team had entertained his longtime friend, test pilot Hannah Reitsch, who was scheduled to conduct a test flight of the Me 163 Komet rocket powered fighter the next day. When the party broke up, von Braun retired to his bachelor quarters. Shortly after midnight he was awakened by the sound of air raid sirens. Dressing quickly, he strode to the nearby air raid alert and communications center to get a status report.
Of course, the Vietnam War was more prominent:
Charles 'n' Steve, this largely proceeds as a parody, satire,whatever, of sorts, precisely of those "intellectual reparations" claimedunder Operation Paperclip (:Why don't teh British do something aboutthis?"). But, again, given the historical, literary, cinematic, cultural,political, whatever contexts for Gravity's Rainbow, an, esp. given that itwas written during, published at the USs deepest involvement in, the VietnamWar, any mention of GE in re: military contracts cannot help but evokeVietnam. And there's that "Buf-falo Bayou' song, bayou far more evocativeof Indochina than Europe ("Buffalo" evoking US Manifest Destiny,expansionism, Yankee Imperialism), those seemingly brainwashed "boys [...]with minds like an infant," the mosquitoes, "their unspeakable thing,'"we've laid down insecticides, a-and bombed the bayous with citronella"(napalm, Agent Orange) "and it's no good folks. They beed faster'n we cankill 'em, and are we just gonna turn tail and let them be [...]?" (Peacewith Honor) ...
Buffalo Bayou. Literally it means ‘Vietnam as America’s backwater’, lol, couldn’t even be more pronounced than this. Of course mosquito swarms are a thing to be expected anywhere in Southeast Asia. Basically a veiled excuse: Vietnamese people (mosquitoes) drove “good church-goin’ kid,” Yanks boys into infantilizing rage enough to want to invade their own country huh? And then the boys would later come back, all war’s veterans now, “with the mind of an infant”.
Ain’t that awesome? Also Ya ta, ta-ta, ya-ta-ta, ta-ta is the sound of machine gun.
Also, the Ptomaine Epidemic of 1943 probably is a reference to Ptomaine poisoning in Minidoka National Historic Site (It commemorates the more than 9,000 Japanese Americans who were imprisoned at the Minidoka War Relocation Center during the Second World War. (wiki)). Eh.
_____________________________________________________________________________

(2) Horst Achtfaden

@/frenesi:
Horst Achtfaden – The surname is German for “Eight-thread”. But Faden can also mean “string,” so the surname Achtfaden can be read as “eight-string,” a reference to a guitar that features two more strings than the common six. Horst is common enough that it need not refer to anything, although it may recall famous Nazi culture hero and small-time thug, Horst Wessel. O_O WATCH OUT for Horsts in other works of Thomas Pynchon (BE, M&D, AtD)
Fahringer – The name derives from two German words: the verb fahren, meaning “to drive”; the adjective fahrig, meaning “nervous.” “Nervous driver” is a good name for an aerodynamics man charged with keeping rockets on course. It is also at odds with his Zen-approach to aerodynamic problem solving.
In this section we discovered Rücksichtslos is under Schwarzkommando control and Achtfaden is being captured and interrogated by Enzian.
Karlshagen:
Between 1939 and 1945, Karlshagen lay in the restricted area of the army laboratory Peenemünde Army Research Center. (Wiki) A housing development for scientists and high-leveled personnel, later destroyed by air raid 1943/44.
Gerda and her Fur Boa: one of the films on the "hand-cranked peep shows" on the Toiletship, which Achtfaden has watched 178 times since his capture. Basic pornography stuff :)
At first we're supposed to think that Schwarzkommando and Achtfaden are on the Toiletship, but, surprise:
There is not much that actually \happens* in this episode,but the narration that is focused through Achtfaden is veryrevealing, if also quite confusing. We don’t find out who isimagining this Toiletship *Rüchsichtslos* untilwe are four pages into the section or that this imaginaryToiletship is actually the wind tunnel used for testing theaerodynamic properties of the Aggregat weapons at theElektromechanische Werke, Karlshagan (AKA the testing station at Peenemunde).*
So the Toiletship is actually an illusion, and Achtfaden is trapped in a wind tunnel.
@/frenesi
I think this section is analogous to the Kenosha Kid section, which focalises Slothrop's hallucinations as he is dosed on Sodium Amatyl and interrogated at the White Visitation about American race relations in order to provide info for Operation Black Wing. The Toiletship section similarly begins without any context or framing, but it gradually emerges that the text is following Achtfaden, who helped out on a component of the Schwarzgerat.
The Toiletship itself is, I think, an absurd hallucination induced by a drug dose (possibly prompted by the fact that Narrisch is hiding on a toilet? Can't remember). All the math jokes come from him, as he's an engineer...
The narrator is actively at this point, speaking to Achtfaden, who might as well be the readers. So we must listen:
Node, critical points,… super- derivatives… of insatiable flows… that can be set equal to zero… (Why is every equation always equal to zero?)
1904 was showed to be the herald, signs and symptoms, Pynchon once said, to the apocalypse that is WW2, extreme heat that preceded the coldness when death walked the earth. Or I’d like to say, the beginning of the inversion process (remember inverted Berlin, where every building was turned inside out?)
So yes, we learnt about the cocaine in cocacola, Ludwig Prandtl and the theory of boundary layers, that perhaps 1904 might be the birth year of Achtfaden? more than 40 years later Horst Achtfaden was made homeless, all thanks to British raids, chased by many spies (a sign of paranoid), but had it in him a “disastrous luck” to fall into the hand of Enzian. Of course Achtfaden would think his life as a joke.
Achtfaden is yet another self-important paranoid: “With thetechnical spies of three or four nations after him, he has hadthe disastrous luck to’ve been picked up by theSchwarzkommando, who for all he knows now constitute anation of their own.” [451.28-9] However, to have theSchwarzkommando be the first to get to him, he must be of little use to the Americans, Russians, or British.
So the narrator suggests Achtfaden to abandon all thoughts of swimming upstream, instead (1) attach to it a number and suffer? (2) overcome the pornography of Gerda and her Fur Boa, find a non-dimensional coefficients for himself.
Often the sting was bigger than the model itself—the very need to measure interfered with the observations. That should have been a clue right there. No one wrote then about supersonic flow. It was surrounded by myth, and by a pure, primitive terror.
“They pray not only for their daily bread,” Strese-mann had said, “but also for their daily illusion.” We, staring through the thick glass, had our Daily Shock—the only paper many of us read.
Should pitch and roll frequencies happen to be equal, the resonance would throw the projectile into violent oscillations. It would corkscrew to destruction.
In a control that is out of control?
**Gomerians (from GR. wiki)**La Gomera is the most westward of the Canary Islands, off the coast of North Africa. Until Columbus "discovered" the New World, it was the westernmost land known to the Europeans. The inhabitants of the deep valleys used to communicate with each other in a whistling language, comparable to the "yodeling" in Central European Alps. Barbara Kingsolver has written about La Gomera; "whistling from the high ravines" 453; "Gomera was the last piece of land Columbus touched before America" 453; See also Chipuda
A neat detail: Faya here should be ‘fire tree’ (Myrica faya), and the Canarian holly, or holly on La Gomera, it is
...like its Irish counterpart (Ilex aquifolium), because no mammals existed in the Canaries to browse on the leaves and so Canarian holly (Ilex canariensis) didn't have to defend itself with spikes on them.
@/frenesi
P.453 “The parameters breed like mosquitoes in the bayou, faster than he can knock them off.” ß First hint that the mosquito thing, as well as Charles and Steve, were part of Actfaden’s hallucination. The mosquitoes in the hallucination correspond to the amount of parameters in a hypothetical dimensionless coefficient named after Achtfaden.
So the mosquitoes are symbolic of Achtfaden’s guilt, and in this wind tunnel of Achtfaden’s unconscious (shape) it (the guilt) cannot be beaten (like lovers). Achtfaden’s trying to brush guilt aside (givin’ it minus sign), because it’s fashionable (a commodity) for every Zone’s Rocket scientist there is.
“There will be bars and nightclubs catering especially to guilt enthusiasts. Extermination campswill be turned into tourist attractions, foreigners with cameras will come piling through in droves, tickled and shivering with guilt. Sorry—not for Achtfaden here, shrugging”
No no no no no, not him, he’s just doing the work.
“Ask the guidance section, they pointed it where it was going. . . .”

“Once the rockets are up, who cares where dey come down?” "I aim for the moon, but I often hit London"…
Dimensionless coefficients are good for getting result from models without running into many unknowns – these coefficients are good for all dimension. But the Achtfaden number… is known, and is not good.
And the schizoid thing that is German obsession for subdividing… Well, Fahringer said best:
““breaking a flight profile up into segments of responsibility? It was half bullet, half arrow. It demanded this, we didn’t. So. Perhaps you used a rifle, a radio, a typewriter. Some typewriters in Whitehall, in the Pentagon, killed more civilians than our little A4 could have ever hoped to. You are either alone absolutely, alone with your own death, or you take part in the larger enterprise, and you share in the deaths of others. Are we not all one? Which is your choice,””
But will we all go together when we go?
As for the Koan, a transcendent puzzle Fahringer has given to Achtfaden I’ll just leave this section here:
454.27 “The Rocket creating it own great wind . . . no wind without both, Rocket and atmosphere” This is of some conceptual importance. Growing up during the space age as I did, some fundamentals of propulsion go unquestioned. While the rocket within the atmosphere is “pushing” against air molecules for some of its lift, but fighting against full gravity and the weight of the atmosphere that is also being pulled by gravity. Fahringer may also be trying to say that outside the atmosphere, there are no air molecules against which to push,but also less effects of gravity and no air to swim through. The rocket must rely on its own “wind” - the gases produced by the combustion within it - to propel itself. The speed of the gases expelled by this reaction - the rocket’s wind - remains constant,but the relative airspeed changes as it is frees itself from the effects of gravity. Note also the capitalization of Rocket in the quoted passages.
Which carries on to the part where “Achtfaden goes looking or the thunderstorm”.
as long as you stay always right at the edge between fair lowlands and the madness of Donar it does not fail you, whatever it is that flies, this carrying drive toward—is it freedom? Does no one recognize what enslavement gravity istill he reaches the interface of the thunder?
@/frenesi:
Everyone is giving a new identity (nicknames at end of chapter) … the same way Slothrop gets a series of new identities.
Those identities are from Fritz Lang film (German) … Testament of Dr. Mabuse about character who controls people through hypnosis. “Weissmann was our Dr. Mabuse … he was hypnotizing us into doing something evil. We didn’t really mean it”Sporri and Hawasch are assistants to Mabuse … Wenk (Achtfaden) is hunting Mabuse down. Maybe he thinks he’s hunting Weissmann down?
@/frenesi:
"Emotional core of this episode: Achtfaden feels guilt for what he contributed to. He worked on aerodynamics, which is just a small tiny part of the whole project, and he tries to use this as justification – saying he shouldn’t have to feel guilty because it was just a little section of the project. When you’re just isolated in this tiny little sliver of a grand plan, you can only really cling to your position in order to feel like you’re part of something and not completely lost.In the war, Hitler recognized that if he failed, a lot of what he did would be considered war crimes. For this reason, he tried to involve the German citizens in these atrocities , in small ways, so that they would share in the blame and guilt if everything failed. Achtfaden is saying: “Ya know I helped the rocket get into the atmosphere, I’m not responsible for the fact that it fell back down and killed people.”
By losing yourself in the mathematics of aerodynamics … getting lost in these coeffecients (at the end) he’s reduced everything including himself to formulas … wants to absolve himself of guilt. "

(To be continued)
submitted by OntologicalErasure_ to ThomasPynchon [link] [comments]


2020.08.21 22:09 82828252 [Unresolved Murder] A police chief trying to tackle corruption in his station is murdered in his own garage after a shift. His stolen car triggers a speed trap and is found crashed. A picture of the driver and several DNA profiles give no answers. Who killed Steffen Meyer, and why? (Germany, 2009)

Thank you all for the great response to my last write-up about the Bärbel case! It is a bit weird to see your first proper post be so well received. This week I have a similar case; lots of evidence that leads nowhere, clear suspects with unknown levels of involvement, and a crime without an apparent motive.
As there are no English sources, I have linked the original German ones. Web translators should be able to translate the contents of a page, and if you think I've missed something please let me know. There are some less-than reputable ones in there as original news articles are hard to come by.
The evening of Monday the 23rd November 2009 was like any other for 46-year-old police chief inspector Steffen Meyer, who worked for the state of Brandenburg in North-Western Germany. He leads a group of officers at the local police station for the small town of Lauchhammer in the south of the state and has served in the police force since 1983m in the old GDR (East Germany). He became a lieutenant in 1988, and after the fall of the Berlin Wall trained to become a chief inspector. Having worked in different towns and branches of state law enforcement in the newly reunified Germany, he took up his final position in Lauchhammer in 2005. That day, he left work as normal before taking his son Markus to a doctor's appointment and then dropping him home with his wife, Ulrike. It is around 18:00, and it will be last time Steffen is seen alive. He drives away in his gray Opel Vectra A, intending to park it in a garage complex around 100 metres (330 feet) away from their apartment home in Friedenseck Street. When he hasn't returned more than two hours later, Ulrike suspects something is wrong. At 20:45, she goes to investigate and finds him dead in his garage, killed by stabbing to the neck and chest alongside head wounds.
To help visualise these events, here are a couple of images for comparison:
Here, 'wohnhaus' is where the Meyer family lived, and 'tatort' is the crime scene.
The garage complex - as you can see, it's more like a storage facility, and is in a fairly wooded area. It would have been quite dark at 18:00 in Germany in November.
However, [things get stranger from here]((http://www.allcrime.watch/daskriminalforum/viewtopic.php?t=3358). Ulrike quickly notices that both Steffen's car and wallet are not at the scene - in fact, they have been stolen. The car and wallet are found the next morning, abandoned by the side of a country road approximately 30 km (18 miles) from Lauchhammer. Steffen's car is accident damaged and missing its rear fender. The wallet is inside the car's centre console, and is missing a small amount of cash.
An investigation into how the car came to be there reveals a bizarre tale of events. There is no trace of the car from 18:00 to 22:45, when the CCTV of a chemical factory located in the town of Nünchritz, approximately 45km (28 miles) to the south-west of Lauchhammer captures Steffen's car crashing off the road. Eight minutes and eight kilometeres (five miles) to the south, the car is seen again - it triggers a static speed trap in the village of Diesbar-Seußlitz at 10:53. The camera is placed to take a photo of a car's driver for identification purposes, and thus captures a clear image of the car's driver, a White man aged 30-40 in a winter coat, hat and gloves - fairly typical for late November in Germany. The time and distance between the two known sightings of the car indicate the driver was speeding before the trap caught him, and that he may have been driving quickly the entire evening.
Closer examination of the car reveals four separate DNA profiles. Inside the car, several traces of unknown male DNA are recovered. Cigarette butts are found scattered around the abandoned car, from which three more separate profiles are made, of two men and a woman. The car had been driven around 400 km (250 miles) in total, until it ran out of fuel, but there are no other sightings of it until it was found abandoned the morning after the murder.
Here is a diagram of what is known; 'unfall' is the accident caught on CCTV, 'radarfoto' is the speed trap, and 'fundort' is where the car and wallet were found.
Finally, several items Steffen had on him when he was last seen are missing. A key ring, keys and a small flashlight (torch) have never been found. Their significance to the case is unknown, but various police appeals have mentioned them, so they may be more important than they seem.
Armed with such clear evidence, including a timeline of the evening where a suspect would not have been at home, a picture of the driver of a stolen car and DNA evidence recovered from a crime scene, the police begin their invesitgation on the morning of Tuesday the 24th November. Tips begin pouring in with the publishing of the image of the driver - around 300 in total, and 30 of them name the same man - 39-year-old "Vadim S." from Gröditz in nearby Saxony, the state where the car was found. He is located and questioned several times, but denies all involvement. However, his DNA matches none of the profiles found in or around the car and thus he is released. This is the first of many dead ends the police will face in this case.
To date none of the DNA has been attached to a suspect.
Various motives for the crime have been suggested. Initially it was thought that Steffen might have fallen victim to a car theif panicking when Steffen fought back, or that he was deliberately targeted by criminals for being high-up in the local police. These leads quickly led nowhere given the discovery of the abandoned car, which wasn't of especially high value or rare anyway. Any explanation for targeting Steffen in such a violent and sustained attack is difficult to reconcile with the idea that he was accidentally killed by thieves who wanted a car for the evening. Even if they didn't think they had killed Steffen, no attempt was made to hide his body, so the theives would have been driving around in a stolen police officer's car without knowing when his body was going to be found.
An ulterior motive was suggested by Ulrike in a 2015 interview, where she stated she belived that the true motive was to be found where her husband worked. Steffen had apparently criticised poor quality policing and officer misconduct at Lauchhammer police station. Steffen had not been in uniform when he was attacked, and had been 100 metres from his home - could this mean that the killer already knew where he lived and waited until he was alone in the dimly-lit garage complex, focusing on putting his car away instead of who was nearby? This allegation is backed up by the fact that the same regional court district investigating the murder was handling a case of serious misconduct by Lauchhammer police. A planned police raid on several video and magazine businesses across Germany, scheduled for May 6th 2009, included a raid in Lauchhammer. A young alcoholic woman who regularly socialised with "Wolfgang S.", a long-time colleague of Steffen, and other officers at the station, as well as regularly calling the police station to requst rides home if she was drunk. Wolfgang S. was alleged to have leaked detials of the planned raid to her, meaning the targets were ready for the raid and could clear aay evidence, and it was also said that he had a deep dislike of Steffen.
Although Wolfgang was acquitted as it couldn't be proven that he had been the source of the leaks, the case ultimately collapsed due to witnesses contracting themselves and police evidence rather than Wolfgang being exonerated by his conduct. The court recorded that the operation had definitely been 'betrayed' from the inside, but that the perpetrator escaped justice. Given that the investigation into the failed raid had begun in September 2009, could this provide a motive for murdering Steffen? Possibly - but why would this involve stealing his car and driving erratically for hours afterwards, whilst leaving an evidence trail behind? Presumably Wolfgang's DNA would be able to be compared to the profiles found at the scene if he was to be treated as a serious suspect, and the same could be said for any other police officer who might have had a grudge against Steffen? The only explanation I could find was that a murderer gave Steffen's car to a local criminal to joyride, creating a misleading evidence trail and motive, but if so why has no-one been able to identify the man as a local car criminal. Online debate has raised the possibility that Eastern European criminals could be responsible for the joyride, which would why no-one locally could identify the man - but if this was true, why drive aimlessly around in a circle and dump the car close to the crime scene rather than flee Germany? If corrupt police officers murdered Steffen due to his efforts to clean up Lauchhammer police station, why do it in such a messy and public way?
The investigations would be hampered further when a serving police officer was suspended from the force after leaking information about the case to a young woman (possibly the same one involved with the raid gone wrong?) who had been interviewed as part of the investigation. The police at this time were attempting to persue a strategy of elimination, trying to find the killer by excluding suspects. Although over 1000 reports were received and 130 local residents interviewed by February 2010, only two people were arrested; a 22-year-old woman and 29-year-old man, who were both released shortly afterwards without being charged. In fact, by April all the police had managed to do was establish that this second man arrested was almost certainly not the driver of the car. Although a 37-year-old man (not "Vadim S." from nearby Saxony (the state to the south of Brandenburg, Meyer's car was found heading towards) was arrested in late 2010, that too led nowhere as the local district court overturned the warrent for lack of evidence. A 10,000 Euro reward offered by the German government could not move the case forwards, and it would appear that many potential local suspects were cleared over the course of the next few years against the DNA profiles. Of course, the DNA might be a false lead, but as the man in the speed trap photo has not been identified a criminal killer(s) might not be from local area. If the Lauchhammer police had nothing to do with the murder and Steffen was killed by car theives, it's possible they gave the car to a contact as a sort of gift. Thus maybe the man in the speed trap photo had nothing to do with the murder, and only used the car as a joyride for the evening without knowing the story behind it. But if this was the case, would bonds between criminals who steal old Opel Vectras (a 6+ year old family car worth little) in small towns really be strong enough for a man wanted in connection with the murder of a police officer from coming forwards to clear his name?
By 2017, the case file compromised over 17,000 pages of evidence but no new suspects. An April 2017 episode of 'Aktenzeichen XY...ungelöst' ('Case number XY - unsolved' - TV show in Germany dedicated to attracting viewer tips about crimes) aired a piece about events of that evening, but generated no significant new leads.
On the tenth anniversary of Steffen's murder, a charity set up in the memory of another murdered German police officer held a memorial service and unveiled a plaque in Steffen's memory. However, after the ceremony new evidence was revealed; a colleague of Meyer's, Sven Bogacz, went public with allegations that Steffen and the Meyer family had been harrassed by a group of local petty criminals for years, both at home and work - and Steffen's fellow officers had done nothing to help. Bogacz publicly apologised for the lack of action on behalf of the police, and Meyer's wife expressed her graditude for both the apology and acknowledgement of what her family had been put through. The apparent coldness of the Brandenburg state towards the Meyer family was further demonstrated by the fact that no representative of the state or federal government came to Lauchhammer or the memorial service for Steffen, despite press releases announcing their planned attendance.
Why was this information not made public a decade earlier? It's interesting that exaclty who was targeting the Meyer family is not elaborated on, or why the family were targeted. Given the apparent corruption going on in the police department at the time, it's possible that the police were complicit in some way - or maybe criminals wanted to pressure Steffen away from pursuing their criminal activites too closely, with the silence of other officer already secured. These allegations strengthen the theory that criminals were responsible, but the issues with this theory outlined above still remain. Or maybe there was a link between the police inaction and the criminals targeting Steffen specifically...
Unfortunately, whilst the Meyer case is without a lead in the justice system, the effect of the case on Steffen's family has been grave. Ulrike and Marcus never returned to their old apartment after Steffen's death, and Marcus had to give up his plans for a career with the Bundeswehr (German army) as he began having problems handling weapons. Steffen's father survives, but his mother died nearly two years to the day of his death, having never recovered from the death of her only son. If anyone has any information that could help, Aktenzeichen listed the number of a dedicated homicide team ((0355) 4869-123) or that any other German police station could be contacted. After a decade of little movement, any tip could be useful for breaking the case open.
Ulrike and Steffen in happier times - on holiday in the summer of 2009.
submitted by 82828252 to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.08.21 01:51 COD_Mobile_Official Call of Duty: Mobile - August 20th Community Update

Call of Duty: Mobile - August 20th Community Update

https://preview.redd.it/z1smpjv2i8i51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=43f6c5402ff86ea1a4f30a466cda984951b5d26a
Greetings Call of Duty: Mobile Community! It has been only been a short while since we’ve released Season 9: Conquest and the amount of feedback you’ve all shared has made it feels like much longer haha, but we want it all and we love the passion behind the huge Reddit threads about Gunsmith, the long and detailed suggestions on Discord, and the ten minute YouTube videos diving into balance suggestions around Gunsmith.
Of course, there is plenty beyond that being shared and we just wanted to say thank you all once again for showing just how widespread and eager this community is. We’ll have some notes and responses to some of those major pieces of feedback in this update, but for now let’s take a look at all of the main of the events that Season 9 has to offer.
https://reddit.com/link/idlu1video/88x5f5y7i8i51/player
Let’s jump into the update now and start it off with new events, followed by feedback and bug reports, and then lastly a community highlight!
https://preview.redd.it/gb9lmnmai8i51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=52302829a3a00289a9b6bb796f68da3059f6b152
Here is the full look at most events currently running or coming soon in COD Mobile:
  • 8/21 ~ New Seasonal Challenges
  • 8/21 - 8/23 ~ BR Warfare Mode
  • 8/21 - 8/27 ~ Gungame Moshpit Playlist
  • 8/21 - 9/03 ~ 10v10 Mode
  • 8/21 - 9/03 ~ Finest Hour Event
  • 8/28 ~ Prop Hunt returns
*All Dates UTC
Finest Hour Our marquee event for Season 9 has arrived and it isn’t any type of event you have ever seen in COD: Mobile! Pick your side, recruit soldiers, and battle your way across war-torn Europe as you push to conquer every Axis occupied city on the map. Of course, as you do so you’ll be raking in rewards and with some particularly grand rewards available to those who fight across every city on the map.
Here are the basics of how Finest Hour works:
https://preview.redd.it/ej0e4qoxj8i51.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=a7c5c939675827d0b6e8db8c2a139845cecb1692
There is quite a bit to learn about this event, whether it is the different ways to attack cities, the different ways to collect rewards, or all of the different routes you can use to attack cities. Depending on your side, your final goal (referenced in Step 4 above) will be to liberate the central city, which is either Berlin or Bayern depending on which side you pick.
https://preview.redd.it/wlbnx7p0k8i51.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=2e047abf340d4602ece363cd24fcce283ba888d3
How easy it is to attack a city depends on your strength, which is largely determined by your accumulative Gunsmith weapon level and if there are any allied cities nearby. Any adjacent liberated allied cities will lower the defense of the Axis city you are trying to take down. Lastly, you can call in a friend to both help you attack a city and as a way to get extra rewards if the attack succeeds.
As per usual, if you are one of our avid readers who has decided that they are tired of reading then you are in luck – we have a video for you! Give it a watch to get a quick idea of how it all works.
https://reddit.com/link/idlu1video/338qz2m3k8i51/player
10v10 Modifier Another brand-new piece of content dropping today is 10v10 Mode! This mode isn’t a “mode” per-say like Gun Game or Kill Confirmed, but it modifies pre-existing modes, primarily Team Deathmatch and Domination. It is available on Crossfire, Takeoff, Meltdown, and eventually Shipment 1944.
https://preview.redd.it/wphs0mc8k8i51.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=7dacc9f5c2995bd12ecf17803ab93666629d1b82
You read that right, if you thought Shipment 1944 was hectic before that means you now have that option to crank it up to eleven. 10v10 Mode will also increase the score cap for TDM and on Shipment that cap will now go up 200.
However, for Shipment 1944 this map is not available in this first 10v10 playlist. In this first release it is only available on Crossfire, Takeoff, and Meltdown. Later on a playlist will be coming specifically for 10v10 Shipment. Keep an eye out for that later!
https://reddit.com/link/idlu1video/s1wvan9ek8i51/player
Seasonal Challenges Two more Seasonal Challenges are available today on top of the three that launched last week with the Season 9 launch. The main highlights from those three were Special Ops 1 – Sewed Snake from Survival Kit, Razorback – Sewed Snake from Trench Boom, and the ICR-1 – Retro Nuclear from Assault Rifle Expert. This time we have some items to grab and some more tasks to conquer. Check them out!
Retribution This six-part challenge is all about using various weapons with specific attachments and getting kills with those weapons in Multiplayer matches. Simple, but this one also requires you to have each of those weapons leveled up just enough to be able to use those attachment types, like muzzle, magazine, laser sights, or stock. Here are the main rewards:
  • (Uncommon) Concussion Grenade – Ammo Box
  • (Uncommon) Outlaw – Ammo Box
  • (Rare) Calling Card – Red War
  • (Rare) Outlaw – Blood in the Water
Fully Loaded This four-part challenge just really wants you get out there and blow up some enemies in Multiplayer matches. Grab an SMRS, load up with some grenades, or turn the apparently god-tier Molotov’s to push your through these tasks. The main rewards for this one consist of a brand-new perk:
  • (Common) Perk – Amped
  • (Rare) Avatar – Veteran
  • (Rare) SMRS – Blood in the Water
There are still two more on the way next week, so keep an eye out for those details and rewards in the next community update. For now, get out there and grab the new rewards, the easy to earn Battle Pass XP, and a few Purple XP cards to help level up your gear.
Hell on Shells Draw Our first lucky draw, Dive! Dive! Draw, for Season 9 released last week with the fiery and determined redhead Emma Victorova, a brand-new character, at the helm and a rather deadly UL736 – Depth Charge. This week though, we have one that is a bit more supernatural.
Hells on Shells brings Dark Shepherd, another new character, to the forefront with a style that says he is both dark and mysterious but…also maybe the Grim Reaper 😉. Among many other items to grab, you also have the ASM10 – Bunker Buster, a weapon that causes your enemies to detonate upon death. Check it out in action:
https://reddit.com/link/idlu1video/npnwk7ueq8i51/player
Crates - Duplicate Protection A while ago we mentioned that we were working on ways to make duplicates feel like less of a common occurrence, particularly in crates, and we’ve released new systems for that as a part of this last update. Now, certain crates have a milestone system enabled.
Every single time you open a crate you will receive your items and you will also receive progress towards a milestone. Each time you hit a milestone it guarantees you receive an item of the indicated rarity.
https://preview.redd.it/tu070daor8i51.png?width=2048&format=png&auto=webp&s=85f6154e79e0e01fb31d957c437abcbc534680b6
As you can see in this Stashed Cache Crate, which is currently available in the store, the player here has already hit the first milestone and received a guaranteed item of epic rarity.
Now onto Duplicate Protection, this is a newly refined system on top of milestones. Each item that has a crown, as you can see with all epic rarity items in the screenshot above, is duplicate protected. Once you receive a duplicate protected item it will remove that item from the reward pool, which then increases the odds of acquiring any of the remaining item.
This system is brand-new, so if you run into any issues or have any feedback about please let us know. You can read about all of this in-game as well by clicking on the question mark next to the crate name.

Feedback

Molotov Cocktails According to the comments over the last week, this fiery weapon of justice can be used effectively in any situation and the moment it touches an enemy it incinerates them in holy hell fire. Well, its reign was short-lived because we nerfed it a bit already by lowering the overall damage and now it should be a bit easier to counter. We’ll keep an eye out for more feedback and to see if we need to make any other balance changes, but we would also like to note that the Trophy System is a perfect counter.
Gunsmith in BR When Gunsmith released as a part of this last update, we immediately noticed many players being a bit confused about the changes in Battle Royale in particular. We tried to highlight these changes through images and our previous updates, but we are still seeing questions regularly and we’ll reiterate that information again here.
The main changes to Battle Royale are:
  • You can now find and acquire weapons of different rarities with pre-installed attachments
  • You can no longer find or change out attachments during a match
    • Instead, there are now Gunmods that can be attached a unique slot
  • New Battle Royale Loadout menu
    • 5 loadout slots now available
  • You can acquire your customized Gunsmith weapons from your loadouts through Airdrops
All of this is new and we expect it take a bit until everyone understand the new system, but we firmly believe that these changes make it weapon focused instead of focused around gathering individual attachments. Now, it is all about finding the best weapons, bringing in your own customized weapons from airdrops, and adding on gunmods to give your weapons an extra boost.
Gunsmith Balance First off, we know that this system is a massive change to how you normally play the game and as such we’ve been trying to help explain that whenever we could. However, we know Gunsmith may take a while to get used to in general and that the benefits of this system compared to the old may not be readily apparent to everyone.
This system also changes around the balance of just about every single weapon in the game since you are now able to tailor and customize them in a way that you could not even come close to before. This was one of the reasons why we wanted to do public test servers just for Gunsmith, but we are also going to keep an eye on everything to try to make balance adjustments and changes when needed.
Just give it time, keep talking to your fellow players about it, and utilize community resources like this Gunsmith guide here on Reddit. Of course, we also have three videos just Gunsmith that show off the basics and give you a general idea of how it all works in Multiplayer or BR. Here is the most recent one below, which is a bit more of a tutorial than the others.
https://reddit.com/link/idlu1video/arr7advus8i51/player
Lastly, one thing we haven’t seen many players notice is that there is a way to get a recommended Gunsmith selection for your weapon. If you don’t know what to use or want to just quickly jump into a match, hit that Recommended Button highlighted below in the screenshot.
https://preview.redd.it/o25u2je3t8i51.png?width=2048&format=png&auto=webp&s=0e9aa40051c5c1deba00a421a3591041916c6267
After you select that little yellow light bulb, you’ll be presented with a new menu full of recommended attachments for each weapon. Here are is an example from that same RUS-79U.
https://preview.redd.it/igrvl5nzs8i51.png?width=1992&format=png&auto=webp&s=72d2d3620232b3d639714b7fae2fda8b3b10c5bc
You can use this all to let us help you use a setup for now while you get used to the weapon, the attachments, and all of the options that Gunsmith offers. If you have any questions keep asking and either us, or your fellow players, will always be willing to jump in and chat about it.
Gunsmith Progression Skins (AKA the Damascus) Back during the public test builds we had a Damascus camo as the top tier (the hardest camo to earn in Gunsmith) and like many things in the test build it was purely a test. We considered multiple options for that top tier camo and we didn’t end up picking the Damascus. Additionally, since many are already asking, it is also not Dark Matter. Instead, we have a different top tier camo coming in a future update. Keep an eye out for news on that in future community updates.

Bug Reports

Since we have a big update coming soon, which will have a wide variety of bug fixes and improvements, it is a bit tough to discuss any specific issues. However, here are some quick notes on a few issues that we regularly receive questions about and will be fixed in that next update.
Recent Fixes/Changes We’ve had a small patches (hotfixes) go out over the last week and here are some of the major things that were changed or adjusted in those patches.
General Balance
  • Red dot sights and holo sights no longer reduces ads speed
  • Increase sprint-to-fire speed of all weapons. Increase sprint-to-ads speed of all weapons.
  • Reduces the hip fire accuracy of Merc grip
Gun Balance
  • Chopper: Reduced hip fire accuracy of heavy grip
  • Reduced the weapon sway (from breathing) of all sniper rifles and marksman rifles
  • DLQ33/SNIPERSNIVELOCUS/ARCTIC.50: Increased ads speed
  • Reduced the ads speed debuff from attachments for sniper rifles and marksman rifles
  • QQ9: Increased overall recoil and reduced damage to limbs
  • Arctic.50 with Stopping Power Mag - Increased fire rate, ADS speed and recoil control
  • Pharo: Increased overall recoil and reduced damage to the lower body
  • BK57: Fixed the description of 7.62mm Mag; updated description to say increased headshot damage
  • Cordite: ADS bullet spread accuracy is reduced. Ammo capacity of Extended Mags is reduced.
Modification of BR Weapons Camos
  • Spawned weapons in BR will no longer have skins. Camos set by players in loadouts will be applied instead.
Miscellaneous
  • After Action Report – You can now move through the report faster by clicking the Next button to immediately skip various pages.
Missing Ads Right around release we had an issue with the Watch button (next to New on the top) being missing for players. We addressed this issue that weekend and it should be back to normal except for those players who were already missing it in the first place.
Just to go back over that, the Watch button is only available in certain regions and additionally not on certain low-end devices. It has quite a few dependencies, but if you were seeing this button before the S9 update and it is missing now please reach out through our support so that we can investigate.
Purchase Bonus We had a few players reach out earlier this week about a “missing” purchase bonus that they saw other players were receiving after purchasing anything with CP. There isn’t any complicated reason why you didn’t see this, it was just an error on our part and it wasn’t supposed to be populating for anyone.
Missing Voice Over In the last couple of updates we’ve seen a few comments about missing voice overs for characters in the game, seemingly primarily around quick chat options in MP or BR, and after checking with our team this issue should have been fixed quite a while ago. We are going to kick this one back up to the team and start investigating, and we would love your help!
We’ll start a thread below in the comments and if you have seen this issue can you just respond and call-out with character you’ve seen not have proper voice over, in what mode, and which exact type of voice (quick chat, normal call-outs, or anywhere else)? Thank you all in advance and check that below.
Desync Issues Like we mentioned often before the Season 9 release and game update, this issue was supposed to be fixed or greatly improved for most players with this release. We have seen a handful of players saying they are still experiencing these issues and we are always willing to investigate further, so if you are still seeing it then please reach out to our support channels.
Support Options Lastly, as per usual if you are seeing something, experiencing something weird, or running into issues trying to play or access the game then please report it through any of our support channels. The main ones are:
Final Notes As per usual we are reading and discussing far more topics than shown here, but if we didn’t address any issues or pieces of feedback please reach out. We are happy to chat more about it, share other details or updates, and look into anything we might not already be aware of.
https://preview.redd.it/d2cfkozfu8i51.jpg?width=5380&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=56698b2654d5d61e9b9259a68a2c5e92eb58af11
We’ll be back next week with more updates and thank you for wide outpouring of support and feedback for Season 9 over this last week. We appreciate it all more than you know and when we attend our weekly video game industry community managers secret club meeting, we like to argue that the COD: Mobile community is by far the best 😉.
-The Call of Duty: Mobile Team
submitted by COD_Mobile_Official to CallOfDutyMobile [link] [comments]


2020.08.19 20:22 type_mismatch [30M] I'm a first-generation immigrant. How can I make my dating life easier?

Hello everyone, I hope you are doing well despite the current situation with COVID.
My situation is unique in some aspects and fairly typical in others, and since this is such a big and diverse community, I hope there will be people who've successfully dealt with similar situations.
I moved from Russia to Berlin 4 years ago, learned German, got rid of the remnants of my accent in English, made a relatively successful career in IT, found new friends and didn't lose touch with old ones, so life is supposed to be great? Well, my dating life here has been brutal so far.
Dating as a straight dude in your early 30s is already hard enough. On top of that, I'm not particularly handsome. On top of that, there is a certain stereotype about Russian men in Europe and especially in Germany who saw a wave of Russian immigrants in the early 90s. Want more proof? For shits and giggles I changed my name on Tinder, pretended to be an American and went from 1-2 likes a month to 5-6 a week. I didn't play this game until the end and never went to actual dates and confessed who I really am. As a close girl friend of mine noted, "If a guy pulled that on me, I would've thought he's a serial killer who'd murder me in my sleep", and I think she's right on this one.
On top of that, my German is fluent enough to be fully proficient in a professional setting but is not good enough to fully understand jokes and make a lighthearted banter. On top of that, I don't like parties and party lifestyle that made Berlin so famous. And even my friends here are more likely to write me when they need help dealing with German bureaucracy than when they want to try out a new restaurant on a whim.
I used to go to meetups and even organized a series of networking events myself. I asked a few close friends if they know someone who is single and looking. I tried all possible dating apps. I went to single parties (meh) and speed dating events (much better than I imagined, still no "likes" tho).
So why don't I date Russian girls, there should be plenty in Berlin? Well, I could've, but the truth is, they either moved here with their SOs or prefer to date European guys. I regularly hear from my girl friends how handsome European men in Berlin are. In my fairly broad social circle, I don't know any Russian woman who would start dating a Russian guy after moving here. A few explicitly said "Russian men? Never again!", so there's that. Noticed how it's always "a Russian wife and a first-world white husband" but never the other way round?
So why don't I bring someone over from Russia? Immigration and integration, learning the language, finding a job - all these things are not easy, and starting a relationship with these things inevitably in mind feels like "too much too early". I tried it three different times and it simply didn't work out.
TL;DR: Simply put, why would an attractive woman deal with the language barrier, me being "not fun" and not particularly handsome? Because I'm supportive and have a great personality? Guess what, so do thousands of men here who are much more attractive than me. My close friends still believe in me but sometimes it is so damn hard to keep on trying without having a role model or stories to look up to. So I would appreciate any advice and would love to hear your success stories!
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2020.08.19 19:06 Ray66gun Outtakes from Press-conference with Aragorn Elessar about 2020/2021 season (transfers, corona virus and more).

Press-conference begins with Aragorn being allowed to run on a treadmill while answering questions. Says it's to distract him from all the stupid questions he's going to be asked. Two more treadmills are on standby incase the first one breaks by Aragorns sheer speed.

Aragorn on spending money on transfers:
"We don't give a f*ck about the corona virus. We want to conquer Division 1, and we can only do that by spending money (from Donald Trumps bank account) on QUALITY PLAYERS. I will personally eliminate all weaklings and replace them!"
Aragorn on general transfers and business the club will conduct this summer:
"We will look at consistent performers. We have already found and signed a left-back in Zlatalex V.1, a goalkeeper in Slender-Man and two central defenders in Jesus Christ and Cristiano Neanderthal. We've also managed to sign Joe as a right-back and two midfielders in Berlin United 2 legends Donald Trump and Dr FKN Phil. Both will acompany me in the quest for glory. Both are out of shape, but it's nothing my training can't fix!"
Aragorn on the renewal of contracts:
"Ninja has signed a new contract with the club. Severus Snape will also sign a long-term contract before this upcoming season. We're also working on Fredbull. If they hesitate to sign I will use my sword to properly motivate them!"
Aragorn on the return of Fortnite Thanos:
"He will return for the new season. But this time he better be f*cking good. He was almost worse than Lingard last season."
Other information not shared via Sportvidundret and Raey Parker on Twitter:
*Berlin United 2 will begin their road to success sometime inbetween the 6th and the 9th of October. Date is yet to be revealed, but more info is coming soon.
*The club's finaces hasn't taken a toll despite the threat of corona, which is why they are able to secure players on large, new contracts and sign players for the upcoming campaign. This is because Aragorn and Jamal has stolen a lot of Donald Trumps fortune to fund future projects such as this. Trump is to busy tweeting to notice anything, according to Jamal.
*Fortnite Thanos has according to Aragorn undergone therapy to overcome the betrayal and cheating of his ex-wife Karen last year which kept him out of form. Reports say that Thanos development looks promising and that he's hopefull that he can re-enact his 2018 form.
*Players like MålGöran, Glenn Hysen, Gargamel, Marco Preus, Villager #10 and Gundar Viking are still banned from the club. Ben Dover is of course also banned!
*Severus Snape is still set to be the clubs nutrition expert, hopefully enhancing performances.
*Long serving players like, Daniel D. Ridder, Donnie Van Den Berg, Mattias Schulz (and many more) will leave the club permanently.
*The club is trying to finalize a deal with Obi-Wan Kenobi. Legolas is also being mentioned.
//
Ray66gun
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2020.07.19 08:34 Po_Biotic Ringer

Artem Fedor, Ringer

Date of birth: May 7th, 1960
Appearance: 5'10, 170 pounds
Background:
From a redacted KGB report circa 1983
Operative ██████ retrieved from Rendevous █████. Mission Successful. Psychologist noticed something off during debriefing. Operative ordered to report for evaluation. Two weeks later, Doctor █████████ found dead at home of an apparent suicide. No foul play suggested. Operative ██████ later cleared to resumed fieldwork.
Translated North Korean Document circa December 1989
Operatives were sent to observe contacts and potential targets in Berlin after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Within two weeks, all ██ operatives had been murdered.
CIA Field Report, September 1994
Hutu Politician spotted in Freetown, Sierre Leone attempting to secure passage to Argentina via a cargo ship. Two operatives moved in to secure the politician while two remained back to observe. Sniper fire from an unknown assailant struck the politician and one operative, killing them instantly. Shooter not found.
2020 FBI report on wanted target known only as Ringer
Believed to be former KGB stationed in Eastern Europe through the late 80s who later worked in North Africa in the early days of the FSB. Later went rogue or freelance with suspected kills in South East Asia throughout the early 2000s. Target's appearance and true name unknown.
Target was hard to track through the mid to late 2000s with details hard to come by. Target believed to have acquired metahuman powers in 2020. Killings under their M.O. became increasingly more common. Additional resources and manpower to help with finding and subduing target requested.
REQUEST APPROVED
CIA Report, 2021, Leaked on 4Chan from an unknown source after the assassination of a terrorist bank-roller in Chicago
The FBI failed to apprehend ██████ in Chicago. Even with his escape, he was tracked to a safehouse but appeared to be extracted before teams could move in. Evidence at the scene indicates ██████ may have been taken to Russia by force.
FBI radio picked up the █████ word ██████ spoken by ██████ after he killed four CIRG agents.
██████ was thought to be a █████ or ██████████ assassin who disturbed agency operations in ████████████████████████ during the last decade of the twentieth century. Previously ██████ and ██████ were thought to be completely different individuals. New evidence suggests they are one and the same. This means ██████ likely turned rogue earlier than previously speculated.
Internal GRU memo, early 2021, retrieved via telepathy scrying, and sold to NSA info-broker.
Ringer was retrieved from America after an anonymous tip-off to where he would be following a job. Following Ringer's extraction to Moscow, he was incarcerated for 36 hours total, 27 of which included interrogation before he disappeared from the view of all cameras and metahumans in the facility.
When additional backup arrived, 12 individuals and 3 metahumans in the facility had been killed, with the remaining agents on site completely unable to locate Ringer. He is believed to have returned to America.
Personality:
Information from a salvaged FSB portfolio on Ringer.
█████ possess a cold nature. His time in the KGB showed he has no hesitation or qualm about taking human life. However, his interactions from his time at university in █████████████████ showed █████ is more than capable of caring for others and forming emotional ties. There is no indication ██████ fakes these emotions to fit in with society like diagnosed sociopaths. It is believed █████ is willing to do anything for the good of the motherland and will act on almost any order given. However, █████ possesses a capacity to make moral judgments. See incident report for the death of █████████ ████ for further details.
Alignment: Highest Bidder (with exceptions)
Tier: Gamma
Base of Operations: Mobile
Equipment/Resources:
  • $5,500,000 in various accounts
  • Safe houses in major US cities along with various European and Asian capitals
  • False passports
  • Access to any legal firearm in the United States, has the ability to acquire automatic weaponry.
    • Typically uses a .338 rifle, a Grach, a Bizon, and a 4 gauge break action shotgun
  • 15 kg of RDX along with detonators
  • A railgun retrieved in a heist.
    • The gun has a knob that changes the size of the barrel and allows them to accept anything up to .50 caliber ammunition, as well as a dial that appears to control the power and a gauge that shows the amount of charge left in the gun's battery.
    • A maximum power shot fires at Mach 4 and packs a 400 kJ punch, and the battery can power more than a dozen such shots before running out of charge.
Powers:
A Hitman's Guise
  • Outside entities perceive Ringer as having no mind, soul, or past.
  • Powers that attempt to read his body movement or predict his actions will normally fail.
  • Ringer is capable of altering his facial features, skin tone, voice, and general build to resemble a general human male of varying races. This is capable of mimicking individuals Ringer has familiarity with.
  • Ringer's actions and any object he carries make absolutely no noise in a 25-meter radius around himself. This includes bullets fired from his gun still in the field.
  • So long as he is moving no faster than 35 mph, Ringer may make himself invisible to all spectrums of light, however, it negates his noise cancellation.
  • Ringer is capable of falling into and mimicking the background of auxiliary senses.
  • Ringer may summon new clothes for himself. (Any "gear" that goes along with what he summons is non-functional.)
  • Ringer is superhumanly accurate with firearms, has motion control 10 times better than a human, and vision four times better.
Frozen in Time
  • Ringer no longer ages.
Shadow Control
  • Ringer has minor control over the shadows within the 10-meter vicinity around him. His control over these allows him to obscure perception of him. He has an awareness of where shadows in this area are.
  • He can enter shadows in one area and exit them in another area within 10 meters, even if the shadows themselves are no connected.
  • He can mold shadows to resemble himself and appear to be performing actions.
  • He can solidify shadows to some extent. When Ringer is bathed in shadows, he can use them to protect himself from attacks on the level of .338 rounds.
Enhanced Condition
Unphased Tank Stagger Knockdown KO Other
Kinetic Energy >0.5 kJ 0.5-3 kJ 3-10 kJ 10-20 kJ 20-60 kJ N/A
Thermal Energy N/A N/A N/A N/A 300o F 5x resistance to change
Energy Density N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 kJ/ 1 mm2
Crushing/Ripping 1 ton 2 tons 3 tons 4 tons 10 tons N/A
Lifting Striking
1000 kg 20 kJ
Foot Speed Combat Speed Reactions
50 mph 100 mph 12.5 ms
Notes:
  • All of Ringer's powers except for Frozen in Time be toggled off at will.
Skills:
  • Stealth
  • Shooting
  • Assassination
  • Target tracking
  • Information Gathering
  • Reconnaissance
  • Fluent in English, Spanish, German, Russian, Chinese, and Arabic along with bits and pieces of other languages.
  • Expert in Judo, adept in Sambo. Additionally, he possesses some knowledge of the MCMAP.
  • Ringer is quite flexible and skilled with free running.
Feats:
  • Made a 1500 meter shot in subpar conditions with no powers.
  • Made a 4 mile killshot with powers.
  • With the element of surprise, took out five armed men in an enclosed room.
  • Spent years in deep cover across all parts of the world with no powers and rarely had his identity compromised.
  • Escaped from a jail cell by use of his invisibility and disguise summoning.
  • Ringer has no fingerprints and his DNA is not in any database worldwide.
  • With no powers, Ringer has the following stats: a 95 ms reaction time, 450 lb deadlift, 290 lb bench press, 420 lb squat, 4.5 40-yd.
  • In a stairwell against four FBI agents, Ringer was able to quickdraw and fire before they could ready their guns.
  • On a maximum power shot with his railgun, a .50 BMG round has an effective piercing cabability of 435 kJ/mm2.
  • Jumped through shadows to quickly descend down a building.
  • Used the shadows of a dimly lit room to conceal his face from being seen in a meeting.
  • Convinced an individual he had an ally with a molded shadow.
Stories and Events
#1: Exposed
#2: A Slavic Problem
#3: I walk through the valley of the shadow of death.
submitted by Po_Biotic to WWWVerse [link] [comments]


2020.07.19 05:44 Po_Biotic Ringer Redux

Artem Fedor, Ringer

Date of birth: May 7th, 1960
Appearance: 5'10, 170 pounds
Background:
From a redacted KGB report circa 1983
Operative ██████ retrieved from Rendevous █████. Mission Successful. Psychologist noticed something off during debriefing. Operative ordered to report for evaluation. Two weeks later, Doctor █████████ found dead at home of an apparent suicide. No foul play suggested. Operative ██████ later cleared to resumed fieldwork.
Translated North Korean Document circa December 1989
Operatives were sent to observe contacts and potential targets in Berlin after fall of the Berlin Wall. Within two weeks, all ██ operatives had been murdered.
CIA Field Report, September 1994
Hutu Politician spotted in Freetown, Sierre Leone attempting to secure passage to Argentina via a cargo ship. Two operatives moved in to secure the politician while two remained back to observe. Sniper fire from an unknown assailant struck the politician and one operative, killing them instantly. Shooter not found.
2020 FBI report on wanted target known only as Ringer
Believed to be former KGB stationed in Eastern Europe through the late 80s who later worked in North Africa in the early days of the FSB. Later went rogue or freelance with suspected kills in South East Asia throughout the early 2000s. Target's appearance and true name unknown.
Target was hard to track through the mid to late 2000s with details hard to come by. Target believed to have acquired metahuman powers in 2020. Killings under their M.O. became increasingly more common. Additional resources and manpower to help with finding and subduing target requested.
REQUEST APPROVED
CIA Report, 2021, Leaked on 4Chan from an unknown source after the assassination of a terrorist bank-roller in Chicago
The FBI failed to apprehend ██████ in Chicago. Even with his escape, he was tracked to a safehouse but appeared to be extracted before teams could move in. Evidence at scene indicates ██████ may have been taken to Russia by force.
FBI radio picked up the █████ word ██████ spoken by ██████ after he killed four CIRG agents.
██████ was thought to be a █████ or ██████████ assassin who disturbed agency operations in ████████████████████████ during the last decade of the twentieth century. Previously ██████ and ██████were thought to be completely different individuals. New evidence suggests they are one in the same. This means ██████ likely turned went rogue earlier than previously speculated.
Between ██████'s identity as ██████ and killings under his M.O. during the last year four years, the agency has come to believe ██████ views himself as not simply a hired hitman, but as someone who acts for the good of the greater world.
Internal GRU memo, early 2021, retrieved via telepathy scrying, and sold to NSA info-broker.
Ringer was retrieved from America after an anonymous tip-off to where he would be following a job. Following Ringer's extraction to Moscow, he was incarcerated for 36 hours total, 27 of which included interrogation before he disappeared from the view of all cameras and metahumans in the facility.
When additional personnel arrived, 12 individuals and 3 metahumans in the facility had been killed, with the remaining agents on site completely unable to locate Ringer. He is believed to have returned to America.
Personality:
Information from a salvaged FSB portfolio on Ringer.
██████ possess a cold nature. His time in the KGB showed he has no hesitation or qualm about taking human life. However, his interactions from his time at university in █████████████████ showed ██████ is more than capable of caring for others and forming emotional ties. There is no indication ██████ fakes these emotions to fit in with society like diagnosed sociopaths. It is believed ██████ is willing to do anything for the good of the motherland and will act on almost any order given. However, ██████ possesses a capacity to make moral judgments. See incident report for the death of █████████ ████ for further details.
Alignment: Highest Bidder (with exceptions)
Tier: Gamma
Base of Operations: Mobile
Equipment/Resources:
  • $5,500,000 in various accounts
  • Safe houses in major US cities along with various European and Asian capitals
  • False passports
  • Access to any legal firearm in the United States, has the ability to acquire automatic weaponry.
  • 15 kg of RDX along with detonators
  • 2 railguns retrieved in a heist.
    • Each gun has a knob that changes the size of the barrel and allows them to accept anything up to .50 caliber ammunition, as well as a dial that appears to control the power and a gauge that shows the amount of charge left in the gun's battery.
    • A maximum power shot fires at Mach 4 and packs a 400 kJ punch, and the battery can power more than a dozen such shots before running out of charge.
Powers:
A Hitman's Guise
  • Outside entities perceive Ringer as having no mind, soul, or past.
  • Powers that attempt to read his body movement or predict his actions will normally fail.
  • Ringer is capable of altering his facial features, skin tone, voice, and general build to resemble a general human male of varying races. This is capable of mimicking individuals Ringer has familiarity with.
    • Ringer's actions and any object he carries make absolutely no noise in a 25-meter radius around himself. This includes bullets fired from his gun still in the field.
    • So long as he is moving no faster than 35 mph, Ringer may make himself invisible to all spectrums of light, however, it negates his noise cancellation. Ringer is capable of falling into and mimicking the background of auxiliary senses. This power can be active for 30 minutes at a time.
    • Ringer may summon new clothes for himself once every minute. (Any "gear" that goes along with what he summons is non-functional.)
    • Ringer is superhumanly accurate with firearms, has motion control 10 times better than a human, and vision four times better.
Frozen in Time
  • Ringer no longer ages.
Shadow Control
  • Ringer has minor control over the shadows within the 10-meter vicinity around him. His control over these allows him to obscure perception of him. He has an awareness of where shadows in this area are.
  • He can enter shadows in one area and exit them in another area within 10 meters, even if the shadows themselves are no connected.
  • He can mold shadows to resemble himself and appear to be performing actions.
  • He can solidify shadows to some extent. When Ringer is bathed in shadows, he can use them to protect himself from attacks on the level of .338 rounds.
Enhanced Condition
Unphased Tank Stagger Knockdown KO Other
Kinetic Energy >0.5 kJ 0.5-3 kJ 3-10 kJ 10-20 kJ 20-60 kJ N/A
Thermal Energy N/A N/A N/A N/A 300o F 5x resistance to change
Energy Density N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 kJ/ 1 mm2
Crushing/Ripping 1 ton 2 tons 3 tons 4 tons 10 tons N/A
Lifting Striking
1000 kg 20 kJ
Foot Speed Combat Speed Reactions
50 mph 100 mph 12.5
Notes:
  • All of Ringer's powers except for Frozen in Time be toggled off at will.
Skills:
  • Stealth
  • Shooting
  • Assassination
  • Target tracking
  • Information Gathering
  • Reconnaissance
  • Fluent in English, Spanish, German, Russian, Chinese, and Arabic along with bits and pieces of other languages.
  • Expert in Judo, adept in Sambo. Additionally, he possesses some knowledge of the MCMAP.
  • Ringer is quite flexible and skilled with free running.
Feats:
  • Made a 1500 meter shot in subpar conditions with no powers.
  • Made a 4 mile killshot with powers.
  • With the element of surprise, took out five armed men in an enclosed room.
  • Spent years in deep cover across all parts of the world with no powers and rarely had his identity compromised.
  • Escaped from a jail cell by use of his invisibility and disguise summoning.
  • Ringer has no fingerprints and his DNA is not in any database worldwide.
  • With no powers, Ringer has the following stats: a 95 ms reaction time, 450 lb deadlift, 290 lb bench press, 420 lb squat, 4.5 40-yd.
  • In a stairwell against four FBI agents, Ringer was able to quickdraw and fire before they could ready their guns.
  • On a maximum power shot with his railgun, a .50 BMG round has an effective piercing cabability of 435 kJ/mm2.
  • Jumped through shadows to quickly descend down a building.
  • Used the shadows of a dimly lit room to conceal his face from being seen in a meeting.
  • Convinced an individual he had an ally with a molded shadow.
Stories and Events
submitted by Po_Biotic to PoBsPublicBox [link] [comments]


2020.07.15 03:42 CoinEx_Institution Near Protocol Analysis by CoinEx Ambassador Garet Johan

Near Protocol Analysis by CoinEx Ambassador Garet Johan
Author: Garet Johan, CoinEx Ambassador
Based on San Francisco, California, United States
Founded Date July 1, 2018
NEAR is a sharded, developer-friendly, proof-of-stake blockchain. Put another way, it is like a public community-run cloud platform. That means it is a highly scalable, low cost platform for developers to create decentralized apps on top of.
Functions:
Allow developers to build blockchain native mobile dApps and run it where the users are (mobile phones), giving developers a key onramp into dApps.
Through sharding by state, allow the blockchain to scale close to linearly with the number of nodes in a network.
Allow blockchain entrepreneurs to quickly iterate and come up with successful business models since they both have scalable blockchain and easy access to users via first mobile-native blockchain.
Problems to be solved:
Building better tools for developers
High transactions per second trough sharding technology
More decentralization
Business:
Fundamentally, the NEAR platform is a marketplace between willing participants. On the supply side, operators of the validator nodes and other fundamental infrastructure need to be incentivized to provide these services which make up the “community cloud.” On the demand side, the developers and end-users of the platform who are paying for its use need to be able to do so in a way which is simple, clear and consistent so it helps them.
Micro level to create new business models by directly compensating the developers who create its most useful applications.
Macro level by coordinating the efforts of a broader set of ecosystem participants who participate in everything from education to governance.
Business Model:
NEAR is a protocol and also a platform that uses the blockchain to create a place where developers can use the blockchain where the token has the use of staking and making the governance possible and paid for transaction fees, amongst other things.
Epoch Rewards
Node operators are paid for their service a fixed percentage of total supply as a “security” fee of roughly 4.5% annualized.
Protocol treasury: In addition to validators, the protocol treasury receives 0.5% of total supply annually to continuously re-invest into ecosystem development.
Transaction Costs:
Usage of the network consumes two separate kinds of resources — instantaneous and long term. Instantaneous costs are generated by every transaction because each transaction requires the usage of both the network itself and some of its computation resources. These are priced together as a mostly-predictable cost per transaction, which is paid in NEAR tokens.
COMPUTE AND BANDWIDTH (“GAS”)
Compute (CPU) is a momentary resource spent on executing a transaction. The cost of each CPU instruction is denominated in “gas” units and its price is determined based on the slowly adjusted price of gas (denominated in NEAR tokens)
Storage Costs:
Storage is a long term cost because storing data represents an ongoing burden to the nodes of the network. Storage costs are covered by maintaining minimum balance of NEAR tokens on the account or contract. This provides an indirect mechanism of payment via inflation to validators for maintaining contract and account state on their nodes.
Inflation:
Inflation is the combination of payouts to validators and the protocol treasury minus the collected transaction fees (and a few other NEAR burning mechanics like the name auction. Overall, the maximum inflation is 5%, which can go down over time as network gets more usage and more transactions fees are burned. It’s possible that inflation becomes negative (total supply decreases) if there are enough fees burned.
Security Thresholds:
Some thresholds which provide for good behavior among participants are set using economic incentives.
Economic Stakeholders
Validators: Provide the computational resource and security for the network by running nodes.
Developers: Create the applications which run atop the network
Token Holders: Accounts or applications which maintain token balances
NEAR Foundation: An independent entity which coordinates the governance and technical evolution efforts of the network participants.
Third Party Observers: The observers of the chain who provide extra fraud and bad behavior protection.
Users: Users of applications on the network who do not maintain token balances.
Team Information
The Near team is comprised of competitive programming champions and veterans from several major tech companies, such as Google, Facebook and Niantic. YC alum and CEO Alex Skidanov was the first employee at the sharded database company MemSQL and CTO Illia Polosukhin was a core contributor to Google’s TensorFlow machine learning library while working in their prestigious research division. The Near engineering team includes a 2-time ICPC world champion, 3 gold medalists and multiple finalists plus the business team has deep experience building and scaling technical startups.
Core Members
https://preview.redd.it/i2tn6d3bdxa51.jpg?width=1234&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=41130ce6c95a0e57197faa49ab7aff8d3d771b33

Based on https://near.org/team/ currently there are 44 members mostly European and American.
Roadmap
The only thing related with project Roadmap is from this year 2020.
https://preview.redd.it/nno3zp1gdxa51.jpg?width=633&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3c0645a8f610e17a034890849fe1a5bd244771ab

There were 1,000,000,000 NEAR tokens created at Genesis on April 22, 2020. This will be allocated in the following way, where each category is described in greater detail in the following sections:

Achievements
2019 Achievements
Content
We launched our Whiteboard Series, which features a collection of over 30 deep-dives into various blockchain protocols.
With finalising NEAR’s design, we started our Lunch & Learn Series on YouTube, providing a deep dive into the underlying mechanisms of NEAR protocol.
Alex was live coding core features of the NEAR Protocol in October.
Research
Nightshade: Near Protocol Sharding Design
Near Protocol Randomness Beacon
Fast Finality and Resilience to Long Range Attacks with Proof of Space-Time and
Casper-like Finality Gadget
Doomslug: block confirmation with single round of communication, and a finality gadget with guaranteed liveness
The NEAR Foundation (https://near.foundation) is, at the broadest level, the steward of the *full* NEAR purpose. This foundation is an independent nonprofit entity based in Switzerland whose charter directly contains the words of that Purpose. To fulfill it, the Foundation plays a supporting and coordinating role between the players of the ecosystem. It is the lighthouse which helps keep the ecosystem oriented towards the North Star of that Purpose.
2020
Near`s Protocol MainNet Genesis
MAY 4, 2020
https://near.org/blog/near-mainnet-genesis/
Transaction Data
There isn’t any information about that since NEAR no has any listing exchange
information. But there is the explorer https://explorer.near.org/
Governance Model
Governance defines how the protocol is updated (“Technical Governance”) and how its resources are allocated (“Resource Governance”).
NEAR’s governance defines a Reference Maintainer, which is an entity responsible for technical upgrades to the NEAR network. This entity has been selected to maintain the Reference Implementation and continue to suggest improvements on the specification. All major releases will be protected with community discussion and a veto process (a 2 week challenge period), while smaller bug fixes can be rolled out fast and delivered to node operators.
Resources provided by the network itself to the Protocol Treasury are governed and distributed by the NEAR Foundation. This foundation operates independently and will provide structured and transparent funding for projects and activities that are deemed to be most helpful to the ongoing health of the protocol’s ecosystem. This may include technical projects (like the Reference Maintainer) and nontechnical projects or initiatives that support the commons and the community at large.
Technical Solution
It is well-known that Ethereum, the most used general purpose blockchain at the time of this writing, can only process less than 20 transactions per second on the main chain. This limitation, coupled with the popularity of the network, leads to high gas prices (the cost of executing a transaction on the network) and long confirmation times;
The latter approach, in which the work is split among all the participating nodes, is called sharding. This is how Ethereum Foundation currently plans to scale Ethereum.
In Nightshade we model the system as a single blockchain, in which each block logically contains all the transactions for all the shards, and changes the whole state of all the shards. Physically, however, no participant downloads the full state or the full logical block. Instead, each participant of the network only maintains the state that corresponds to the shards that they validate transactions for, and the list of all the transactions in the block is split into physical chunks, one chunks per shard.

https://preview.redd.it/9yj5pnsmdxa51.jpg?width=985&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=26ecb2ec88f0705a827f50f079e585f9caab4238
GitHub Activity
https://preview.redd.it/vv6aebrodxa51.jpg?width=1599&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=74c655856f893d068e794c7c7d8da9fa644f6a33
https://preview.redd.it/86isr68qdxa51.jpg?width=1172&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=22a28ae10434865c00988c71a05aa03219983577
Community Situation
Telegram
Community Channel 2996 members
https://t.me/cryptonear
Medium
There are several writers, so i`ts difficult to precise an exact amount of followers. The
Near`s Blog is more active than Medium
https://medium.com/nearprotocol
Discord
3141 members
Usually 10% members are online
https://discord.com/channels/490367152054992913/504354607838003221
Twitter
https://twitter.com/nearprotocol
Following 751 Followers 25K
https://preview.redd.it/3ha2urbtdxa51.jpg?width=1177&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=14d2716eb01f20fd3f112cee17df5ad17b43c266
WeChat
https://near.org/wechat
Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/NEARProtocol/
https://preview.redd.it/t8oocyvvdxa51.jpg?width=840&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=34a3ebce1b5ae26882a58d44d39f8d383bf0f886
Low engagement
Only 333 followers
Competition Analysis
https://preview.redd.it/ed737qoydxa51.jpg?width=1046&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=11ef01e350d5c606d15ad1944ffbf41764e5ec58
There are several companies that use sharding technology in the table below showing the most relevant projects that use them. Near in comparison with their competitors offers a more perfected sharding solution to avoid hash attacks.
Risk Evaluation
https://preview.redd.it/8edqmf01exa51.jpg?width=1543&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=7497fe7f94db5e98a887dc3b1eb1a23fd8da6683
https://preview.redd.it/to2vhgb2exa51.jpg?width=1512&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ad7da1440b3119f0a219c14c607e7bbc09af7428
The main risk is that since its foundation in 2018 it has only had institutional and private investors. It is not listed on any exchange, so it has not been tested to market conditions.
It is focused on the flexible development of Dapps with a developer-friendly approach, which in the long run may attract more speed in the development of the project.
The most attractive aspect of the project lies in the possibility of attracting more new developers or developers from other companies related to blockchain technology.
Recently in May they partnered with the University of Washington to hold a Hackathon and collaborated as sponsors for the Future of Blockchain that is a long-form competition for those at the Universities of Cambridge, Oxford, London, Berlin and others to build a blockchain project over 3 months.
https://medium.com/future-of-blockchain-competition/future-of-blockchain-2-summary-and-prizes-e87f3c6f392f
Sources:
https://near.org/downloads/Nightshade.pdf
https://medium.com/quarkchain-official/how-heterogeneous-sharding-empowers-enterprise-e1ca05131009
https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/near-0565#section-overview
https://medium.com/nearprotocol/near-ai-near-protocol-8785c9d32096
https://near.org/papers/the-official-near-white-pape#the-future
https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20190710005723/en/Protocol-Developers-Raise-12.1M-led-Metastable-Accomplice
https://near.org/blog/near-token-supply-and-distribution/
https://near.org/blog/mainnet-roadmap/
submitted by CoinEx_Institution to nearprotocol [link] [comments]


2020.07.14 08:21 Davidgogo Evidence of God in Plain sight - Part I

"The only way to rectify our reasonings is to make them as tangible as those of the Mathematicians, so that we can find our error at a glance, and when there are disputes among persons, we can simply say: Let us calculate [calculemus], without further ado, to see who is right."
~~~Gottfried Leibniz (1646 - 1716)
Before demanding proof, the problem needs to be framed first. I will try to make this write up somewhat of a resource. All the related body of knowledge will hopefully help with the necessary framing. Mathematics by itself cannot prove anything outside the relationships between numbers. But one can formally represent thoughts and/or observations through mathematics in such a way that their consistency can be tested. On some fundamental level we accept these representations even without proof because they look right. The famous 1+1=2 although not yet proven still makes perfect sense. Granted we can provide proofs within a subset of mathematics, in this case algebra, but mathematical proofs on a fundamental level are elusive.
What mathematics does well is to make sense of measurable, comparable and chance scenarios. Relevant to this discussion, the probability that our existence is a mere chance is much more than 10 to the power 50, which is a generally agreed upon number for impossible in most modeling tools. The actual calculated number for life to have occurred by chance is anywhere between 10 to the power 10 and 10 to the power 100. In fact, some even scale the latter number up to several million.
All that I am about to share has been around for decades, a couple even past the half a century mark. Hence, the claim that there is no evidence of God is nothing but sheer ignorance. Some would even claim it is a choice. Then there are those who get discouraged or surrender to their confirmation bias instead of seeing it through, just because somebody claimed to have “debunked” it.
Evidence/proof of God debate
If we were to look for a purely mathematical proof for the “existence” (for want of a better word, God by definition is free from the constraints of time and space) of God that concisely and accurately details such a proof, then look no further than Gödel. But do read on, it is not only about Gödel. There is a tendency in some quarters to attack Gödel’s verified proof (See note 1 below), but here is the thing, it makes no sense to use the old set of rules to attack the new set of rational rules Gödel himself helped formulate.
Let us not forget the crisis in mathematics at the turn of the last century. It was Gödel that made the old set once again tenable to begin with. A reality devoid of necessity, possibility and all the truths that cannot be demonstrated in "all possible worlds" is not real. Most critics of the proof utterly and totally misunderstand the expression “all possible worlds”. It is not a reference to some imaginary far away world(s), the world in question is right here and how we make logic and reason to work and perceive everything in the present. Hence, Gödel’s proof is nothing, but ontological proof expressed mathematically without Hume’s critique of ontological proof applying to it.
Sure, we can argue some more over the maintainability of ontological proofs, but if that would resolve anything to the satisfaction of all then I am all in. Sadly, that is not what the five thousand-year-old history of the issue has taught us.
The often-observed rigid way of demanding proof by some skeptics is at best dated, even mathematicians are moving away from something as fundamental as equality to equivalence. Counter intuitive to some but that is exactly what is happening. And there are very good reasons for that.
Gödel did a fantastic job, however there is another way, for lessor mortals, to go about providing more than enough evidence for the existence of God through mathematics. Before we venture out, the first question that must be raised is, “What attribute of God can be measured with our existing tools?”. Why is this important? Because without any measurement we will lack data to work on. And the analysis of any existing data will remain unresolved if we do not know what we are looking for.
But first allow me to bring in some much-needed context- warning-long read. A lot of you are very well clued into the debate but others may find it useful. It is also hoped that those who were previously exposed to some part of the relevant research will benefit from a properly framed second look.
No matter what kind of proof we come up with, the proof of God is going to be relative; what passed as proof in the era of Vedas, Bible or Quran revelations would be laughed at today and by the same token even if we were to come up with a workable demonstration to prove the existence of a God, people a thousand years from now would think of it as funny, at best. The funny thing is that we cannot even imagine why it would appear funny to them.
So, where do we start? The claim or the many claims pointing to communication between man and God would be one way to go about it. It is of course possible to move the veracity of communication from man to God from the anecdotal to empirical and verifiable by simply scaling it in the same way that it is already done routinely in the case of some anecdotal evidence. An interesting perspective here. However, it will make more sense to focus on the claims of communication from God to man because if there is going to be any measurable attribute of God it is probably going to be in this form of communication.
The question of what exactly it is that one would want to see measured or data collected on and with what, needs gathering.
Before we tackle this issue of communication let us deal with the proverbial “So where is the evidence?” Well there is tons of evidence, the real question ought to be what exactly would one like to see and in what form? If one expects eight neat lines preferably in plain English that should jump at someone and wash away all their currently held conviction then no, it’s not going to happen. Besides, a determined skeptic can simply dig her or his heels in and keep dismissing everything. There is no rational cure for irrationally held convictions.
Please do not say any scientifically verifiable empirical evidence will do.
We must be careful not to slip into Scientism. The very claim “we should only believe what can be scientifically proven” cannot be scientifically proven. It is, first, a philosophical claim and secondly, a classic Self-Defeating Statement. Wanting science to have all the answers doesn’t translate into science having all the answers. That holds true for both the present and the future.
To start with the observable Universe is convincing enough for most people.
A quick take first. To the question “If God created the Universe then who created God?” please refer to infinite regression while keeping in mind the definitional contrast between the creation and the created. Both cannot be part of the same regression chain. A series of similar or identical propositions where the sole demonstration of each one is the previous one, leads to fallacious reasoning. Not to mention category conflict when we want to know who created an infinite being. Another infinite being? If so, then what exactly is infinite to begin with? Mathematically one can play around a bit with infinity in terms of aleph-naught etc. but general infinite is just that, infinite, one infinite.
From another angle, “Who created God?” is a separate question that cannot be used to scrap or answer the original question “Who created the Universe?”. Similarly, even if one were to assume that the Universe was not created does not discount asking the question “Does God exist?”
The current “There is no God” narrative is unraveling fast within the very circles that were leveraged to get it going. In the scientific community, there is a change of attitude being witnessed. Until recently, few scientists would have risked the G-word even in private for obvious reasons. Now they are thinking big.
The issue of information for instance is gaining steam and has in fact moved beyond the “information realism”. In the words of one proponent/Author: Bernardo Kastrup
“As I elaborate extensively in my new book, The Idea of the World, none of this implies solipsism. The mental universe exists in mind but not in your personal mind alone. Instead, it is a transpersonal field of mentation that presents itself to us as physicality—with its concreteness, solidity and definiteness—once our personal mental processes interact with it through observation. This mental universe is what physics is leading us to, not the hand-waving word games of information realism.”
Even evolution itself needs a rethink to accommodate the “beauty” factor. And some have started doing just that by unfreezing Darwin’s original concerns about beauty.
Here is a glimpse into somebody many thinks should get the Nobel prize.
Why science needs imagination and beauty
In a slightly different vein, some take the view that there is no proof that God is responsible for the existence of the Universe even if God exists. Others take the easy route and declare that it is impossible to get to the truth as things stand today.
Funny how easy it is to declare something impossible, in most cases it is reduced to a simple declaration, compared to the effort required to show something that was thought impossible possible.
Yes, that old "absence of evidence is not evidence of absence" again. In the information age, to claim absence when there is presence is the height of ignorance.
The seriousness of any truth claims , cuts both ways. Claims both positive and negative must be backed by evidence. Yes, you can prove a negative. Not only that, but almost any negative claim can be restated in the positive. The supposed argument from silence is not the way to go either. Usually employed to try and dilute existing evidence.
We all are aware of the ever-evolving talking points of the self-appointed “Horsemen” of the “movement”. From the very weak negative existential proposition-one that tries to deny the existence of something- to the faulty analogy of the Spaghetti monsters. This pasta driven improbability scenario seems to have run its course. The shift to the absurd current talking point “God ‘probably’ does not exist” declaration is telling. All of these positions are problematic. Both ontologically and when reduced to naked numbers.
Let me quote Jonathan Sacks, author of The Great Partnership: Science, Religion, and the Search for Meaning, who articulated the issue wonderfully:
“Atheism deserves better than the new atheists whose methodology consists of criticizing religion without understanding it, quoting texts without contexts, taking exceptions as the rule, confusing folk belief with reflective theology, abusing, mocking, ridiculing, caricaturing, and demonizing religious faith and holding it responsible for the great crimes against humanity. Religion has done harm; I acknowledge that. But the cure for bad religion is good religion, not no religion, just as the cure for bad science is good science, not the abandonment of science.”
The current “probably” talking point pushed through the debating circles has opened the door to absurd reactions. How about labeling food as “Probably not poisonous” and airplanes marked “Probably safe to fly.” The debate is not even about the evidence that something is confirmed absent, there is none; the focus must be on defining what will be an accepted form of evidence to an individual when it comes to God. Various claims pointing to tons of evidence needs exploring, however, before evaluating the different forms of evidence, one needs to set individual believability thresholds.
So, what exactly are individual believability thresholds?
Believability is tied to hands-on individual verification and validation. The key is to avoid the “my experts are better than your experts” trap. Hunting for evidence should not be dependent on believing somebody before believing in something, or not believing in something.
So, what’s wrong with experts, one may ask?
Nothing. As long as they all agree on a given body of knowledge. The problem arises when two “experts” derive completely opposite conclusions from the same set of facts, and one is back to square one. And ironically left with a leap of faith between competing claims. Often confirmation bias is the easy route out.
The other logical question to ask would be why not become an expert yourself?
Always an option for those who can hack it, not to mention the cost associated with gaining expert level knowledge. Did somebody mention 10,000 hours? Even at minimum wage that will add up to a pretty sum. Even 1,000 hours will be a bridge too far for most.
What is the point?
The point is that the evidence needs to be in a form that any reasonably educated person can understand and internalize it.
So how do we define any reasonably educated person?
How about Reading, Writing,and Arithmetic? That sounds about right. And we may only need two out of three here.
Let us also tackle the question, read taunt, of which God?
I think we need to go past that one very quickly, God must be one and the only God unless we go back now and change the definition of God. Besides, when the evidence is verified, this question will resolve itself automatically for each individual,irrespective of what name he or she calls God. Which, by the way, is a more accurate reflection of the “different gods” taunt, as opposed to actual different gods. Besides, it would seem that we are wired for oneness.
Let’s come back to what type and/or level of evidence will satisfy someone? To some it would seem as an attempt to shift the burden of proof remember the burden of proof is on the claimant, as we are constantly reminded. Actually, not in this case. What does it have to do with someone helping someone else find suitable evidence from the already published works? If we want some help, then it doesn't hurt to help facilitate the process. One also always has the option of going it alone. That is, if one is able to get past one’s own impossibility mindset.
The essence of inquiry is that we must start out by asking questions. We only ask questions when we are not satisfied with the usual canned answers. So, let us revisit the three most often discussed:” What is the purpose of life?”, “Where did we come from?”, and most importantly,” Where are we headed?”.
What about those who are not interested in chasing answers and are happy with things as they stand? In that case, there is no issue to resolve, at least not for the time being. However there is evidence that points to our tendencies to seek spirituality. Let us not forget a consensus is growing that 40 plus is the age of maturity, at least for men, women mature a little earlier, hence most have time. This is something that cannot be forced but bringing it to the attention of those not yet aware, in the best possible way, of course, must be an obligation as well. We can compare it to a safety or security issue, if one knows that a certain path is harmful (through a minefield for instance) to the point that irreparable damage is a possibility, then not pointing it out is irresponsible in the least and can even be termed criminal by some.
After a while, it became clear to many of us that between the fence sitters and the blind faith proponents there must be a third way. Although the militant Atheist deserves to be ignored (I don’t know and you don’t know), along with the Existentialists (at best an idealistic doctrine), my question to the fence sitters is: “How long are you willing to wait?”.
If we were all immortals, then I would jump up and sit on the fence right beside you lot and wait. This belief, non-belief, is not going to help me as an individual if the answers are not forthcoming within my lifetime and preferably earlier part of it. I have to shape my life now and ensure I don't miss a trick. Even by taking on Pascal's deficient wager I am still spreading my bets better than most. The write and wrong of it from a philosophical point of view is irrelevant to me as an individual. I am on the clock.
If the desire is to look for answers, then the first question towards that end is a question of dealing with our current constraint; so, we circle back to what attribute of God can be measured with our existing tools. Without going into too much detail of how most of God’s attributes are out of our reach except one, let me make a case for the one that can be tested despite our constraints in a bit. In this way we can hopefully distance ourselves from the difficulty of defining what mathematics itself is or for that matter how a human mind works.
Coming back to the issue of being “satisfied” with “things as they stand”, Science has highlighted the fact that at a certain age the mind is no longer satisfied with “it is what it is”. The prefrontal cortex continues to grow and there are competing theories as to when it peeks but this much is agreed upon, a search for life’s purpose and direction keeps growing with age.
Let us quickly go through some other popular themes. Some may ask, if there is a God then won’t it be his or her responsibility to show us the evidence? Yes, indeed that is a logical position. The first thing that needs exploring is this very fact: did God already communicate the evidence/proof for his existence to us, that is all of us?
Then there is the “Why doesn't God just show himself”? Apparently to every single person out there.
Instead of getting into second-guessing God as to why God doesn’t just show himself to every single person, let’s stay with the evidence for God’s existence. When we meet God, we can always ask that particular question (s) at that time. In the meantime, let us focus on the doable. Besides, once God decides to do that then it is game over and none of what is being discussed will be relevant at that point.
Let’s also put aside questions like; why not pray to God and ask him to bend the physical laws of nature? A small demo will do, some may ask. Well, unless the demo is with a running commentary from God himself, it may be of very little use to us. Not to mention the fact that then we will be veering into an on-demand demo from God scenario. Interesting! That old efficacy of prayer again.
George Burnap articulated it well.
“God governs the universe by fixed and uniform laws, not only for the sake of order but for human good... The fulfillment of every human desire would break up this order and bring everything into disorder and confusion.”
And we actually find evidence of this, more on that later …
Measuring attributes of God
So finally, we will try to narrow down the one attribute of God that can be tested, at least to a certain degree. First up omnipresence. Do we currently have the tools to test God’s omnipresence? Given the fact that we are still struggling to confirm the presence of over 80% of what constitutes the Universe around us, so no, the omnipresence of God is a far cry for now. Similarly, testing for the omnipotence of God has its own set of constraints. Chief among them, linking any event to God, not to mention what level of testable power, within a given event, that can be “witnessed”, will be enough to term it Godlike. And then there is always going to be the issue of the on-demand occurrence of such an event.
So, what is left?
In fact, there is one attribute of God that can be tested both in terms of the past, the present and the projected future and that is God’s omniscience, which is intelligence and knowledge without measure. We may not have the tools to explore the full extent of God’s intellect, but we can set ourselves realistic criteria which should be sufficiently advanced to be termed Godlike and then try to apply them.
This also fits very well within the energy, matter and information trinity of General system theory. We see how the input of data is the key to making any system work. Closely related is the order to create the information for input and the order to initiate the input of the same. More on that can be found here
So once again, where do we start?
An excellent evergreen question. The most logical place to start testing for Godlike intelligence would be in any possible communication from God, as previously touched upon. Hence, focusing on claims in the name of God will be a good starting point. Here we will be relying on Mr. Occam and his instrument of choice. Before we proceed, it may be a good time to set some ground rules in order to maximize the chances of success. The first logical premise will have to be that the claim is of actual communication as opposed to reporting on such communication from God, in other words, the very word of God where God unambiguously and repeatedly claims to be the author of the communication.
The second premise has to be that the communication is intact and in its original form. The reason for this particular condition is pretty obvious. If we can’t have access to the original form, then we will be restricted to merely what is said in the communication and to some extent on who conveyed the message. What we need is to be able to run forensics .
This line of thinking, some may feel, is preparing the ground for countering the circular argument criticism of the like, “It is true because the Bible/Quran/Veda says it is true”. Criticism aside, given the modern tools at our disposal, we should be able to test and do a forensic audit for other than what is said in these claims of communication from God. The logical place to start once again must be the major religions of the world because those messages obviously have had the biggest impact.
Going by the historical records, the one religious book that can be dated very close to the claimed original events is the Quran. The recent Birmingham manuscripts come to mind.
Here again some may say that it is a case of cleverly steering the argument in the favor of one religion. I don’t know about the steering bit, but yes, we should always go where the argument takes us. It is reasonable to assume that if close to two billion people believe in something similar, it is worth investigating first.
Some may say, “Surprise, surprise!”. Sarcasm noted, but I am willing to stick my neck out with considerable confidence. Interesting to note that most of those who champion the new Atheism have a special bias reserved for Islam. Do they already know something?
So, when do we get to the juicy stuff if there is any?
Modern communication protocols
One thing I can guarantee you is plenty of juice. So, here is how I will try to build the case. Let me first touch upon how we authenticate the integrity of communication in modern times and then try and build a case for the integrity of the message of the Quran in a layered approach. The believability is tied to individual discoveries that build into literally a tsunami of evidence, and the accrued punch it packs.
The so far discovered markers in the Quran point to the fact that there is something for everyone. From the very simple to mind-boggling complication as one would expect from a divine message.
The reason for this lengthy context was to try and satisfy as many people along the way and deal with the often-asked questions as we went along.
So, here is the important bit. The way we authenticate a modern communication is by embedding metadata in the message itself. That is data that says something about the data being communicated. If we want the data secured, then we encrypt it on top of that. I am not going to devolve too deep into the field of signal transmission or the vast field of encryption but just touch on the principles on which they are based.
The Quran’s markers are in fact not only related to these principles but break new grounds in helping us view this field. The layers I referred to have to do with both reading a straightforward text on one hand and becoming aware of the arrangement of this very text in ways that give us additional information. In the same way text mining and text analytics work. The evidence of God for the non-experts but reasonably educated, can be found in this additional information. Interestingly there is enough of it to keep even the experts busy for thousands of years to come, yes, thousands at least.
Modern communications rely on packets of information. Every transmission consists of hundreds of these packets which are routed through various nodes of a given network or interconnected networks. The packets leave the point of origin and may or may not follow the same route and then are reassembled at the intended destination point using the header information which contains the metadata attached to each packet. Currently, there is a constant back and forth exchange between the origin and destination points of each message which ensures that all packets are accounted for. The technology is already in place where even this constant cross-checking of packets between the point of origin and the destination point will not be necessary. Simple algebraic equation will be applied to packets themselves and the message as a whole, to authenticate the integrity of messages (s) on arrival. The Quranic transmission, in fact, takes these principles to a whole new level.
Early findings
This whole thing picked up speed with a chap called Muhammad Fuad Abdul Baqi. Basically, what he did was to index every single word used in the entire Quran. In fact, he did it for Hadith (The claimed sayings of the Prophet of God) books as well, but as one would expect only the Quran exhibits the phenomenon we will be exploring. There are claims for patterns in other religious texts as one would anticipate but those, when compared with the Quran, are like the showing of the proverbial candle to the sun. It’s the sheer quantity and complexity of the discovered data that set it uniquely apart. Not finding the patterns in other books does not mean they lose all value. Not being in their original form has a lot to do with it of course.
So, how will we connect all this to the evidence of God? The very fact that not only God in first person is claiming to be the author of the Quran - remember our first premise - but the Author of the Quran throws down the gauntlet to all comers to reproduce a work like it. Still, we are not going to take what Quran says at face value as of yet.
Logically, “because the book says so” will make more sense after we first establish the authenticity of the Quran the product. We will initially try to verify and validate the complexity of its content to such an extent that it should point to something way beyond coincidences and firmly in the sphere of a Godlike intelligence. Once the verification process is done, we can then revisit and see what is being said in it and find the connection to the source of the communication. In short, the focus is to get to a framework where evidence of God can be justified, presented and verified.
As I previously mentioned, some of you may have been exposed to some aspect of this phenomenon, in both a positive way and a negative manner. What is missing from most understandings is the fact that this thing is several levels deep. A determined skeptic may boohoo one aspect of it but when the larger picture emerges only the very blind will be able to ignore it.
Before I introduce the most basic first layer, the word count, it is important to point out that this is not numerology, no memory tricks, no mirrors and certainly no smoke. Just straight up math. What we have is a number of interrelated patterns based on counts and the positioning of words, terms, and letters. The signature of God is in the scale and complexity of these arrangements. In contrast, the most famous of the Bible code is based on Equidistance Letter Sequence (ELS) and that too in well-defined very limited number of boxes. The Quranic patterns are not only several layers deep but touch each and every chapter, verse, word and even letter of the Quran.
The reason I will mostly stick with counting/Arithmetic is because in addition to our self-imposed “no experts” constraint, deriving definite and sound conclusions from the various “scientific” verses of the Quran is not always obvious if one lacks the relevant domain knowledge. Given that the natural languages, by definition, are elastic, and a case can always be made to say that is not what the author meant etc. Quran, in fact, has an elegant solution for it. More on that later.
Apologies for deferring tolater, but there is so much to cover. The other issue why these references to scientific phenomenon need to be sidelined, is the accusation that a lot of the present discoveries had some references in different ancient manuscripts, both religious and otherwise. Hence the author could have had access to them and thus no miracle. Therefore, we will stick as close to prior as humanly possible. Even though theywould be lottery winning odds to somehow conclude that the author got lucky by not dragging in the mountain of proven wrong references scattered in the same type of sources where he allegedly sourced his scientifically correct descriptions.
In the interest of framing the issue accurately allow me one last digress. Before we get into the structural elements of the Quran, it is important to keep in mind two important fundamentals. The first one has to do with the multitude and diversity of rhetorical tools employed in the Quran and second has to do with the number of domains the text tackles. The former sprawls across alliteration, analogy, antiphrasis, antithesis, asyndeton, assonance, cadence, chiasmus, epizeuxis, equivoque, homonymy, hyperbole, isocolon, simile, metaphor, metonymy, palindrome, parenthesis, polyptoton, rhetorical questioning, and synecdoche. The latter takes it to another level. Quran is not only a complete and comprehensive political and economic system on one hand, but the depth and breadth of its narration even covers social and personal mannerisms, including marital discipline.
At its core, the Quran establishes rules relating to fair governance, economic equality and resource allocation, inheritance and property rights, criminal justice, astronomy, chemistry, biology, psychology, sociology, business and so on.
It was important to go through all that before we get into the numbers and ratios.
Quran is a sea of knowledge expressed in the most eloquent manner possible. It is also important to point out that extensive knowledge of the Arabic language is not a must to be able to verify the evidence in question, reason and logic is, which in a way makes the Quran more or less language neutral.
So, what is this numbers “game” of the Quran?
Layers of the Quranic patterns
The order I will be introducing these layers in, is based on my personal understanding and can actually be used in any given combination and quite a bit of overlap should be expected. In fact, we see that almost every discovered pattern extends beyond its core location and touches a number of other points in the Quran. In all probability pointing to a super structure or structures.
... Continued in Part II of III
submitted by Davidgogo to Quran_focused_Islam [link] [comments]


2020.07.08 13:26 gszabi99 1.99.0.112 live → 1.99.1.25 changes

Previous one: https://www.reddit.com/Warthundecomments/hmuuve/1990111_live_1990112_live_changes/

1.99.0.112 live → 1.99.1.25 changes: (no more dev and live, rejoice!)

Tried to leave out stuff already present in the official changelog.
Raw changes: https://github.com/gszabi99/War-Thunder-Datamine/compare/1.99.0.112..1.99.1.25
Next one: https://www.reddit.com/Warthundecomments/hnhqpy/199025_199126_changes/
submitted by gszabi99 to Warthunder [link] [comments]


2020.07.05 19:57 inkspring Why don't Chinese people hate their authoritarian government as much as we think they should? — Kaiser Kuo explains

I've been PMed by multiple people to repost this after my original SSC post was deleted, so here it is again:
The following was originally written by the talented Kaiser Kuo as an answer to a question posed on Quora, but for the sake of easier readability, shareability, and the mobile users who don't want to create a Quora account, I've decided to repost it in text post form. I've also added the last part of the answer and postscript in the comments because of Reddit's character limit. Apologies in advance if that breaks any rules. Anyway.
Why do many people feel that the Chinese can't possibly be basically okay with their government or society?
I’m going to attempt an answer in three parts.
First, I’ll look at the gap in political culture between China and the liberal western democracies, especially the United States. I’ll argue that there is little appreciation among most WEIRD individuals—that is, Western, Educated people from Industrialized, Rich, and Developed nations—for just how highly contingent political norms they take for granted really are from an historical perspective. I’ll sketch the outlines of the major historical currents that had to converge for these ideas to emerge in the late 18th century. Then, I’ll compare this very exceptional experience with that of China, which only embraced and began to harness those engines of western wealth and power—science, industrialization, state structures capable of total mobilization of manpower and capital—much later. And late to the game, China suffered for over a century the predations of imperial powers, most notably Japan. Hopefully, I’ll show why it was that liberalism never really took hold, why it was that Chinese intellectuals turned instead to authoritarian politics to address the urgent matters of the day, and why authoritarian habits of mind have lingered on.
Next, I’ll argue that a lot of unexamined hubris lies not only behind the belief that all people living under authoritarian political systems should be willing to make monumental sacrifices to create liberal democratic states but also behind the belief that it can work at all, given the decidedly poor record of projects for liberal democratic transformation in recent years, whether American-led or otherwise. It’s important to see what the world of recent years looks like through Beijing’s windows, and to understand the extent to which Beijing’s interpretation of that view is shared by a wide swath of China’s citizenry.
Finally, I’ll look at the role of media in shaping perspectives of China in the western liberal democracies and in other states. A very small number of individuals—reporters for major mainstream media outlets posted to China, plus their editors—wield a tremendous amount of influence over how China is perceived by ordinary Anglophone media consumers. It's important to know something about the optical properties of the lens through which most of us view China.
Part I — The Values Gap: The Historical Contingency of Liberal Western Thought and Institutions
One evening, I was chatting online with a friend here in China, another American expatriate living in another city, about the great disconnect in recent Western understandings of China—the thing that this question and answer seeks to get to the heart of. He suggested that at least for Americans (we’re going to use Americans here, mainly, to stand in for the Anglophone western liberal democracies) the question underlying the disconnect boiled down to this:
“Why don’t you Chinese hate your government as much as we think you ought to?"
The modern Chinese party-state, after all, is a notorious violator of human rights. It cut its own people down in the street in 1989. It prevents with brutal coercion the formation of rival political parties and suppresses dissent through censorship of the Internet and other media. It oppresses minority populations in Tibet and in Xinjiang, depriving them of religious freedoms and the right to national self-determination. It persecutes religious sects like the Falun Gong. It behaves in a bellicose manner with many of its neighbors, like the Philippines, Vietnam, and India. It saber-rattles over disputed islands with its longstanding East Asian adversary, Japan. It presses irredentist claims against Taiwan, which has functioned as an effectively sovereign state since 1949. It has pursued breakneck economic growth without sufficient heed to the devastation of the environment. It has not atoned for the crimes committed during the Cultural Revolution or the Great Leap Forward, when tens of millions died because of absurdly misguided economic policies. It jails rights activists, including a Nobel Peace Prize laureate. I could of course go on.
Why then would any American not ask this question? Seems pretty obvious from the perspective of anyone from a liberal western democracy that this is a political system that needs to go, that has failed its people and failed to live up to basic, universal ideas about what rights a government needs to respect and protect. They’ll have heard the argument that China’s leadership has succeeded in other ways: it has allowed China to prosper economically, lifting hundreds of millions out of poverty, creating a substantial and comfortable middle class with expanded personal (if not political) freedom. And the Chinese Communist Party has managed to ensure a relatively long period of political stability, with orderly leadership transitions absent the political violence that had accompanied nearly all others until Deng Xiaoping’s ascent.
"Yeah, but so what?" asks the American. "Anyone who would trade a little freedom for a little personal safety deserves neither freedom nor safety,” he asserts, quoting Benjamin Franklin. He quotes this as gospel truth, ignoring the irony that many Americans advocated just such a trade in the aftermath of September 11. That aside, why shouldn't he quote it? It’s deeply engrained in his political culture. Political liberty is held up practically above all else in the values pantheon of American political culture.
The American myth of founding sees the Puritan pilgrims, seeking a place where their brand of Protestantism might be practiced freely, crossing the Atlantic in the Mayflower, creating en route a quasi-democratic quasi-constitution, the Mayflower Compact, landing at Plymouth Rock in 1620, and over the next 150 years growing into the colony that would lead its 12 sisters into rebellion for freedom from the "tyranny" of King George III. Americans hold the ideas enshrined in their founding documents very dearly, and can't really be blamed for doing so: they are, after all, some very high-minded and frankly very beautiful ideas.
What he doesn’t quite appreciate is the precariousness of the historical perch on which these ideas—ideas he holds so strongly and believes so ardently to be universal truths—ultimately rest. Americans, like everyone else for that matter, tend not to take much time to understand the historical experiences of other peoples, and can't therefore grasp the utter contingency upon which their own marvelous system rests.
I'm going to grossly oversimplify here, in this grand backward tour of European history, but the political philosophy that gave rise to modern American political ideals, as even a fairly casual student of history should know, emerged during the 18th century in the Enlightenment—an intellectual movement of tremendous consequence but one that would not have been possible save for the groundwork laid by 17th century naturalists who, taken together, gave us an "Age of Reason" (think Newton and all the natural philosophers of the Royal Academy). Their great work could be pursued because already the intellectual climate had changed in crucial ways—chiefly, that the stultifying effects of rigid, dogmatic theology had been pushed aside enough for the growth of scientific inquiry. That itself owes much to the Protestant Reformation, of course, which people tend to date from 1517 but which actually reaches back over a century earlier with John Wycliffe, Jan Hus, arguably Erasmus, and the other pre-Lutheran reformers.
And would the Reformation have been possible without the rediscovery of classical learning that was the animating spirit of the Renaissance? Would the Renaissance have been possible without the late medieval thinkers, such as Abelard, who sought out to subject theology to the rigors of Aristotelian logic and reason? Would all this have been possible, if not for the continuous struggles between Emperor and Pope, between Guelph and Ghibelline factions—partisans for the temporal power of the Vatican and Holy Roman Emperor? The fact is that this series of historical movements, eventually carving out politics that was quite separate from—indeed, explicitly separate from—theocratic control, was only really happening in this small, jagged peninsula on the far western end of the great Eurasian landmass. And in the rest of the world—the whole rest of the world—none of this was happening. Political theology remained the rule with rare, rare exceptions.
What we've now taken as the norm and the correct form for the whole world—liberal, secular, democratic, capitalistic—is truly exceptional, recent, rare, fragile, and quite contingent.
Let’s turn and look for a moment at China, which is arguably much more typical. China is a civilization that didn’t until much later and perhaps still doesn't fit neatly into the modern conception of the nation-state; a massive continental agrarian empire, a civilization with an integrated cosmology, moral philosophy, and political philosophy which together formed the basis of a holistic orthodoxy, deep knowledge of which was required for any man (alas, only men) who wished to climb the only real available ladder of success: the Civil Service Exams.
The China that the West—in this case, chiefly the British—encountered in the late 1700s was really at or just past its peak, ruled by a reasonably competent and conscientious Manchu emperor who history knows as Qianlong, ruling a land empire matching, roughly, the contours of the contemporary People’s Republic, almost entirely self-sufficient but willing to sell its silk, porcelain, and especially its tea to anyone who brought minted silver bullion—two-thirds of the world’s supply of which, by the time of the American Revolution, was already in Chinese coffers.
What followed was a crisis that lasted, with no meaningful interruption, right up to 1949. Foreign invasion, large-scale drug addiction, massive internal civil wars (the Taiping Civil War of 1852-1863 killed some 20 million people), a disastrous anti-foreign uprising (the Boxers) stupidly supported by the Qing court with baleful consequence, and a belated effort at reform that only seems to have hastened dynastic collapse.
The ostensible republic that followed the Qing was built on the flimsiest of foundations. The Republican experiment under the early Kuomintang was short-lived and, in no time, military strongmen took over—first, ex-dynastic generals like Yuan Shikai, then the militarists who scrambled for power after he died in 1916. China disintegrated into what were basically feuding warlord satrapies, waging war in different constellations of factional alliance. Meanwhile, China's impotence was laid bare at Versailles, where the great powers handed to Japan the colonial possessions of the defeated Germany, despite China having entered the Great War on the side of the Allies.
During this time, liberalism appeared as a possible solution, an alternative answer to the question of how to rescue China from its dire plight. Liberalism was the avowed ideology of many of the intellectuals of the period of tremendous ferment known as the May Fourth Period, which takes its name from the student-led protests on that date in 1919, demonstrating against the warlord regime then in power which had failed to protect Chinese interests at Versailles at the end of World War I. (The May Fourth period is also referred to as the New Culture Movement, which stretched from roughly 1915 to 1925). The "New Youth" of this movement advocated all the liberal tenets—democracy, rule of law, universal suffrage, even gender equality. Taking to the streets on May Fourth, they waved banners extolling Mr. Sai (science) and Mr. De (democracy).
But with only very few exceptions they really conceived of liberalism not as an end in itself but rather as a means to the decidedly nationalist ends of wealth and power. They believed that liberalism was part of the formula that had allowed the U.S. and Great Britain to become so mighty. It was embraced in a very instrumental fashion. And yet Chinese advocates of liberalism were guilty, too, of not appreciating that same contingency, that whole precarious historical edifice from which the liberalism of the Enlightenment had emerged. Did they think that it could take root in utterly alien soil? In any case, it most surely did not.
It must be understood that liberalism and nationalism developed in China in lockstep, with one, in a sense, serving as means to the other. That is, liberalism was a means to serve national ends—the wealth and power of the country. And so when means and end came into conflict, as they inevitably did, the end won out. Nationalism trumped liberalism. Unity, sovereignty, and the means to preserve both were ultimately more important even to those who espoused republicanism and the franchise.
China's betrayal at Versailles did not help the cause of liberalism in China. After all, it was the standard bearers of liberalism—the U.K., France, and the United States—that had negotiated secret treaties to give Shandong to the Japanese.
Former liberals gravitated toward two main camps, both overtly Leninist in organization, both unapologetically authoritarian: the Nationalists and the Communists. By the mid-1920s, the overwhelming majority of Chinese intellectuals believed that an authoritarian solution was China's only recourse. Some looked to the Soviet Union, and to Bolshevism. Others looked to Italy, and later Germany, and to Fascism. Liberalism became almost irrelevant to the violent discourse on China's future.
For anyone coming of age in that time, there are few fond memories. It was war, deprivation, foreign invasion, famine, a fragile and short-lived peace after August 1945, then more war. Violence did not let up after 1949—especially for the hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions, who were "class enemies" on the wrong side of an ideological divide; or for the hundreds of thousands of Chinese soldiers sent to fight and die in Korea so soon after unification. And even with peace, prosperity didn't come: 1955 saw Mao announce a "high tide of collectivization," which was followed by the tragic folly of the Great Leap Forward and ensuing famine, in which tens of millions perished.
A friend of mine named Jeremiah Jenne who taught US college students at a program here in Beijing once said something to the effect of, “When Americans create their movie villains, when they populate their nightmares, they create Hitler and the SS again and again: Darth Vader and the Stormtroopers.” The fear of the liberty-loving American, he implied, is of a surfeit of authoritarianism.
What of the Chinese? The Chinese nightmare is of chaos—of an absence of authority. And such episodes of history are fresh in the minds of many Chinese alive today—only a handful are old enough to actually remember the Warlord Period but plenty can remember the Cultural Revolution, when Mao bade his Red Guards to go forth and attack all the structures of authority, whether in the classroom, in the hospital, in the factory, or in the home. And so they humiliated, tortured, sometimes imprisoned and sometimes even murdered the teachers, the doctors, the managers, the fathers and mothers.
In the 25 years since Deng inaugurated reforms in 1979, China has not experienced significant countrywide political violence. GDP growth has averaged close to 10 percent per annum. Almost any measure of human development has seen remarkable improvement. There are no food shortages and no significant energy shortages. Nearly 700 million Chinese now use the Internet. Over 500 million have smartphones. China has a high speed rail network that's the envy of even much of the developed world. China has, by some measures, even surpassed the U.S. as the world's largest economy.
So try telling a Chinese person that anyone willing to trade a little personal liberty for a little personal safety deserves neither liberty nor safety, and they’ll look at you like you’re insane. Therein lies the values gap.
Part II — The View through China’s Window: Liberal Hegemonism in US Foreign Policy
In the first part, I laid out a case for why it’s quite natural, given the tendency of Americans (as with all people) to ignore or understate historical contingencies and recognize their own privileges and prejudices, for Americans to be puzzled by Chinese acquiescence toward—indeed, by their often quite vocal support for—a political system so execrable by certain American standards.
The hubris of some Americans about their own political system seems to me especially natural, even forgivable, in the years following the collapse of the Soviet Union. From the vantage point of 1991, a kind of triumphalism was inevitable: the liberal west, with America at its vanguard, had just vanquished the second of the century’s great ideological enemies. First was Fascism and Naziism with the defeat of the Axis powers in 1945 (never mind that Bolshevik Russia, from the time Hitler invaded Russia, never faced less than two-thirds of German divisions in the field), then Bolshevism with the end of the Cold War.
And what was on the minds of Americans—who had watched the Berlin Wall come down, Lech Walesa and Vaclav Havel assume the Polish and Czech presidencies, Yeltsin defend the Russian parliament and Gorbachev declare the Soviet Union’s end—what was on their minds as they turned thoughts to China?
Tiananmen, of course, with its incredibly potent imagery: a million people in the Square, Tank Man, and the Goddess of Democracy. Looming ever present in nearly every conversation about American perception of China in the last quarter century—now in the background, now in the fore—is the bloody suppression of the 1989 student-led protests in Beijing. (Fun Fact: The first democratic elections in Poland were held on June 4, 1989, the very day of the crackdown on the Beijing protests).
The years that followed the end of the Cold War would see gathering in American foreign policy a new ideology that would come to supplant the realist school that had dominated from the time of Richard Nixon. This is what the MIT political scientist Barry R. Posen calls Liberal Hegemonism: an activist, interventionist thread that believes in the pushing of liberal democratic politics and capitalism through all available means from “soft power,” to operations aimed at destabilizing authoritarian governments, to actual preemptive war (the Bush doctrine) and the “regime change” of the Neoconservatives. Some of its basic assumptions—not all, but some—are shared both by liberal interventionists and NeoCons. For American liberals, it was guilt from failure to act in the Rwandan Genocide, or to the “ethnic cleansing” that characterized the wars during the breakup of Yugoslavia, that gave impetus to this; for NeoCons, it was the unfinished business of Desert Storm. They found much common ground in their support for “color revolutions” in the former Soviet republics. They may have debated tactics but the impulse was to spread American values and institutions, whether or not doing so would serve a specific and definable American interest. That could be done the Gene Sharp way, or the Paul Wolfowitz way. Neither way was something Beijing wanted done to it.
And I don’t think it takes a whole lot of empathy to see what things have looked like from Beijing over the last 25 years. Deng Xiaoping, while he was still alive, pursued a policy of “biding its time and hiding its power” as he focused on building China's domestic economy, avoiding any real confrontation and trying to rebuild relationships post-Tiananmen.
But it wasn’t long before tensions sparked. In May of 1999, US smart bombs fell on the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, and virtually no Chinese believed the American explanation that it was a mistake, the result of an out-of-date map that showed the embassy as an arms depot. Later, in April of 2001, the collision of an American EP-3 spy plane with a Chinese fighter jet off of Hainan Island, off China’s southern coast, sent another chill through Sino-American relations. And things looked like they might have taken a turn for the worse, had not September 11 taken the pressure off.
The “War on Terror,” which China could notionally join in, distracted the U.S., which quickly found itself fighting two long wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Meanwhile, the Chinese economy was in high gear, chugging along at double-digit growth rates right up to the eve of the Financial Crisis. The Sino-American waters were probably never calmer than in the years between 2001 and 2008.
Perhaps history will see 2008 as an important turning point in these attitudes: during the same year that China staged its first Olympic games, the financial crisis, which China weathered surprisingly well, walloped the West (and much of the rest of the world) with what was arguably its signal event, the bankruptcy filing by Lehman Brothers on September 15—happening just three weeks almost to the day after the closing ceremony of the Beijing summer games on August 24.
It was China’s turn to feel a kind of triumphalism, which often took the form of an unattractive swagger. Meanwhile, a sense of declinism gnawed at the American psyche. After 2008, China became the object of global (read: American) attention again, fueled for some by anxieties over the rapidity of its rise, in others by anger over major flare-ups in western China: riots in Lhasa, Tibet’s capital, in March, 2008, and in Urumqi, Xinjiang’s capital, in July, 2009. Factory conditions became a growing concern as Americans realized that even the most sophisticated electronics they sported—everyone had an iPhone by then, right?—were manufactured in China.
Remember, too, that excitement over the political potency of social media was also enjoying something of a heyday in this period of liberal hegemonic ascent. As one color revolution after another was live-tweeted (Moldova was perhaps the first, but not the only, of the street movements to be called “The Twitter Revolution”), as every movement had its own Facebook page and Youtube channel, China’s reaction was to censor. There is, after all, one belief about the Internet that the most hardline Chinese politburo member shares with the staunchest American NeoCon: that the Internet, unfettered, would represent an existential threat to the Communist Party’s hold on power. They have of course very different views as to whether that would be a good thing or a bad thing. But can we really be surprised that, able as they are to open to the op-ed section of any American broadsheet and find this idea that Internet freedom is the key to toppling authoritarian single-party rule, the Communist Party leadership would conclude that their approach to censorship is correct? But this of course has created another potent issue over which Americans, very naturally, express outrage—and puzzled frustration that Chinese aren’t (literally) up in arms over Internet censorship.
Beijing obviously lamented the Soviet empire’s incredibly rapid implosion. It doubtlessly chafed at how NATO expanded its membership practically up to the Russian doorstep. It certainly hasn’t loved it that American troops are operating from Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, and were present in great numbers in Afghanistan (which by the way borders China, if only at one end of the narrow Wakhan Corridor). Beijing has surely fretted as American-backed NGOs (the National Endowment for Democracy, or NED, is the big boogeyman for pro-Beijing types—perhaps as Confucius Institutes are the bête noire for their anti-Beijing American counterparts) conspired, or so they believe, with the instigators of color revolutions. And it certainly sees the Pivot to Asia—now rebranded the “Rebalancing”—as a species of containment. But what I suspect really has Beijing freaked out, what really seems to have confirmed that America still has its cherished liberal hegemonic ambition, was the Arab Spring. Is Beijing so wrong, looking out on the smoldering wreckage of Libya and Syria, at the mess that Egypt still remains, to want to avoid that outcome at whatever price? Or to think that America’s true, ultimate intention might be regime change in Beijing? Kissinger once famously said that even a paranoid can have enemies.
What does all this foreign policy stuff have to do with Chinese attitudes toward their government? It’s fair to ask this; after all, the question I’m trying to answer isn’t specifically about the Chinese state and how it sees things, but rather the Chinese people, and the attachment they seem to have toward a state that comes up so short by American measure. It’s the rare person who can truly separate, at both an intellectual and an emotional level, criticism of his or her country from criticism of his or her country’s government—especially if that government is not, at present, terribly embattled and is delivering basic public goods in a reasonably competent manner. States tend to try to reinforce that conflation of people with state (and in China’s case, party). They encourage the basic state-as-family metaphor, something that in the Chinese case is part of the deep structure of Confucian political thinking and is therefore probably easier to nurture than to extirpate. I don’t doubt that propaganda has a role in this, but I would assert that its role is generally exaggerated in American thinking about China.
In any case, if you’ll indulge some pop psychological speculation, I’ll go out on a limb and posit confidently that external criticism of a leadership will tend to, if anything, reinforce a citizenry’s identification with the state and blur the lines even more between “government” and “people.” Perhaps I’m wrong. But most people I know who are known to bitch occasionally about their own parents get awfully defensive when people outside the family offer unsolicited criticism. This seems especially to be the case with mothers.
And so it is that many ordinary Chinese citizens, online and inevitably aware now of the timbre of China discourse in English-language media, tend to elide criticism of the state and Party with criticism of China, and take it personally. They feel a distinct sense of having been singled out for unfair criticism and will reach easily for handy explanations: Hegemonic America can't abide another serious power rising in the world, and just wants to sow discord and strife to keep China down; America needs to create a boogyman, an enemy to replace its fallen Cold War foe and placate its military-industrial complex. And in any case, America doesn't appreciate just how far we've come under the leadership of this party, however imperfect.
People will debate what the Party’s real role has been in poverty alleviation: is it accurate to say that the Chinese government “lifted 300 million people from poverty” or is it more correct to say that they mostly got out of the way and allowed those people to climb out of it themselves? (I tend to like the latter phrasing). That’s not the only accomplishment in China’s 35+ years of reform that will be fought over. But the simple truth is that by many, many measures of human development, the great majority of Chinese people are undeniably better off today than they were before Deng inaugurated reform. The grand unofficial compromise, in a kind of updated Hobbesian social contract, that the Party made with the Chinese people—“You stay out of politics, we’ll create conditions in which you can prosper and enjoy many personal freedoms”—has been, on balance (and to date), a success.
No thinking Chinese person of my acquaintance believes that the Party or its leadership is anything close to infallible. Most can be quite cynical about the Party, the venality of officials, the hidden factional struggles, the instinct for self-preservation. They’re fully appreciative of the Party and leadership's many shortcomings. They don’t shrink from criticizing it, either; they aren’t reflexively careful of what they say and who might be listening.
But they don’t bandy words like “revolution” about casually. They tend to have a sober appreciation for what’s at stake, for the price that would have to be paid. They’re realistic enough to understand that the Party is not apt to tip its hat adieu and go gently to history's proverbial dustbin. They still believe, and not entirely without evidence, that the Party leadership is attuned to public opinion and will respond when the will of the people is made manifest. They support reform, not revolution.
I’ve little doubt that desire for more formal political participation, for a renegotiation of terms in that unwritten contract, will grow stronger. That’s in the cards. You’ll get no argument from me that it’s been a raw deal for many people with very legitimate grievances. There are many who’ve broken with the Party-state, who openly or secretly dissent, whose relationship with it is entirely and irreversibly oppositional. Among these are many whose courage of conviction and towering intellects I deeply and unreservedly admire, and others who I think are mere gadflies or attention-seeking malcontents without a sense of what’s at stake. In the case of all of them, regardless of what I think of them personally, I regard it as a black mark on the Chinese leadership each time a dissident is locked up for ideology, speech, religious belief or what have you. But most Chinese people tend to be pragmatic and utilitarian; the state’s ability to deliver social goods gives it a kind of “performance legitimacy." The good (prosperity, material comfort, sovereign dignity) and the bad (a censored Internet, jailed dissidents, polluted rivers, smog) go on the scales. For now, it’s unambiguous in which direction those scales are tipping.
Part III — The Anglophone Media Narrative on China and Sources of Bias
If you're a denizen of the Anglophone world, your impressions of China are almost certainly formed primarily by the media that you consume. There are of course exceptions: some 100,000 Americans have, in the last five years, spent time working or studying in China; there are several thousand enrolled in East Asian Studies graduate programs, or taking serious upper-division undergraduate coursework on China, or pursuing an academic discipline that focuses on China; and there are probably a few thousand more who, for personal reasons, have taken more than a passing interest in China and have read a good number of books on contemporary China or on modern Chinese history, have undertaken the study of Chinese, or have otherwise immersed themselves in trying to gain a deeper understanding of China. Taken together, though, these people represent a small percentage of the general media-consuming audience—the college-educated American who, say, reads a paper once in a while, watches cable or network news with fair regularity, listens to NPR on her drive to work, and occasionally clicks on a China-related tweet or on a friend's Facebook page, or her counterpart elsewhere in the Anglophone world. All told, that's several tens of millions of people, I'm guessing, in the U.S., Canada, the U.K., Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand.
It's worth reflecting on that, for this majority of news-consumers, impressions of China are almost entirely dependent on the reporting produced, at least regularly and in the main, by probably fewer than a hundred individuals. I'm talking about the reporters for the major newswires like Reuters, Bloomberg, Dow Jones, and AP, whose stories appear not only in the major papers and on news portals online, but also in smaller metropolitan and even local markets; the journalists who write for the major newspapers and news magazines; television news reporters; and the foreign desk editors, subeditors, and producers working with the reporters. There are also the news assistants, unsung heroes without whom many of the China-based reporters who haven't mastered enough Chinese to read local media or documents, or conduct interviews in the native tongue of their interviewees, would be unable to do their jobs. If we include them, the number perhaps doubles but it's still no more than 200, perhaps 250 individuals whose contributions to the gathering, reporting, writing, and editing of news and the creation of news-related commentary actually matters.
What, though, do we really know about these people? If this is the lens through which so many Americans (once again, I'll remind folks that "American" here is really shorthand for Anglophone westerners) view China, it seems to me very sensible that we should wish to understand something about the optical properties of that lens. Does it distort? Of course it does; it could not but distort, could not but offer only a partial and selective view—this mere few score of reporters trying to present a picture of the world's most populous nation as it hurtles ahead with unprecedented force (in the f=ma sense).
This is not an indictment. These are people who I very much respect—indeed, the very people who these days comprise most of my personal circle of friends—and they are people who have my sympathy for what they must often endure in reporting from China. It's not an easy place to report from, especially if you're reporting on things that the Chinese government, or someone at least, doesn't want reported—and what else, after all, really qualifies as news reporting? They are subjected to some pretty shabby treatment, everything from the talk-to-the-hand they'll get from government ministries, to veiled and not-so-veiled threats related to visa renewals, to roughing-up by local thugs or plainclothes cops or even uniformed ones, to surveillance and harassment. I think if there's a source of bias with which I'd start my list, it's this. Seems only natural that this kind of treatment of a journalist anywhere would beget less than rosy coverage of the institutions doling it out. Negative coverage begets more of that nasty treatment, and so on in a most un-virtuous circle.
Should the journalists be faulted for focusing on the things that power, whether political or corporate, wants to hide? No, I don't think so. Rightly or wrongly—and I'm unambivalent in my personal belief that it's "rightly"— this is what gets the journo juices flowing. Journalism is not about the quotidian.
The historian Will Durant once wrote in The Age of Faith, "We must remind ourselves again that the historian, like the journalist, is forever tempted to sacrifice the normal to the dramatic, and never quite conveys an adequate picture of any age." I would note that while the historian can write enormously lengthy monographs in which some of that normal can be restored and that picture made more adequate, the journalist just doesn't have that leisure, and his sacrifice of the normal is more forgivable.
And yet it has an impact on perception; it's still a source of distortion, of bias. This failure to focus on the more "normal" is, I would assert, one of the major reasons for the disconnect at the heart of the original question: the prevalence among Americans of "Why don't you hate your government as much as I think you ought to?"
One of the more regrettable outcomes of this particular bias in the way China is reported reflects in the (notional, educated, mainstream-media-consuming) American public's understanding of the Chinese intellectual. Reporters tend to focus not just on critical intellectuals but on the more outspokenly critical ones, on the full-blown dissidents, on the very vocal activists, on the writers who challenge the establishment on human rights issues, on freedom of speech, on rule of law, on religious policy, on minority nationality policy and so forth. Of course they focus on these people; they're "the dramatic," in Durant's phrase. They set out to excite so no wonder that many of them are exciting. They play to the American love of the underdog. They flatter American values.
It's right, I believe, to focus on intellectuals. One could make a very serious argument that China's history is at some important levels driven by the dynamics of the relationship between intellectuals and state power, whether dynastic or Party. Dissidents and the more stridently critical intellectuals certainly are part of that dynamic. But I would submit that it's actually more important to understand another type of intellectual, and another mode of relations between the intellectuals and state power, between, if you will, the pen and the sword: the "loyal opposition," who during most times—including this time—comprise the real mainstream, and who see it as their role to remonstrate and to criticize but not to fully confront. It's these voices, a kind of "silent majority," to use an apt phrase whatever its connotations in the American polity, who go too often ignored in our reporting. Because "Noted Chinese scholar is basically okay with the government, though he thinks it could be improved in X, Y, and Z" is not a particularly grabby headline or a compelling read.
There's also a kind of source bias that's related to this and it's regrettably caught in a bit of a feedback loop, too. The general impression is that Anglophone media is pro-dissident, and so dissidents will tend to go on record with or speak at greater length with Anglophone reporters; moderate or pro-Party intellectuals will tend to decline interviews and comment, and the impression that Anglophone media is biased in favor of the dissidents gets reinforced: the narrative that they want is buttressed while the other is marginalized or weakened.
Another almost ineradicable bias in Anglophone media reporting, so prevalent that it's almost not worth pointing out, is bias in favor of democratic polities. Authoritarian states like China tend to get reported on unfavorably because they behave like authoritarian states. They don't allow, by definition, rival political parties to freely form. They don't allow a free press. They censor the Internet. And of course journalists in the Anglophone world are themselves on the front lines of these speech and press issues. It's almost tautological that the press of the free world would want to free the press of the world.
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2020.07.03 08:52 Trae22music Bicycles and Techno

Hi everyone, just a quick post to see if anyone is interested in joining regular rides in Berlin?
We are - as you may have guessed - people either working in techno or just really into dancing to it - whatever your fancy/cycle speed, get involved (we have 42 people on strava but only a few on TELEGRAM channel as I've only just started it!)
WAYS TO KEEP IN TOUCH >>> Strava: http://Strava.com/clubs/bicyclesandtechno Telegram (recommended): www.t.me/thebatclub
Tonight's after work ride: =====RIDE 2===== Date: FRI 3RD JuLY TIME: approx 4pm Ride type: Road Pace: 25km-30km avg (weekday casual pushing up to tempo pace sometimes)
Distance: 50km Route starting: fhain (mostly flat)
Total riders signed up so far: 2 ==============/////////////////
PLEASE NOTE: There is some flexibility on leaving time - please discuss in group chat and let people know you are joining the ride - CLICK HERE ➡️ www.t.me/thebatcaveberlin
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2020.06.17 14:19 abs_89 Re LIDAR, Head up display – Advanced Driver Safety Systems, Azure Maps (partner Tom Tom) Software ecosystem

Re LIDAR, Head up display – Advanced Driver Safety Systems, Azure Maps (partner Tom Tom) Software ecosystem
(Apart from safety, connected vehicles, IoT; its fleet management, fuel economy in getting a curve right and more…)
Chris Pendleton Head of Azure Maps – Microsoft (on Tom Tom’s Capital Markets Day)
https://www.tomtom.com/company/events/capital-markets-day/


https://www.tomtom.com/company/events/capital-markets-day/
..
Tom Tom: What technologies power full autonomy? (2x videos, self driving car in Berlin)
Our car sees through LiDARs, radars and stereo cameras. Combined with a highly intelligent, software-powered brain, the TomTom HD Map enables the car to see far beyond these sensors and make smarter decisions more efficiently. Watch the video below to learn more.
https://www.tomtom.com/use-cases/self-driving-car-technology/
...
From Tom Tom whitepaper:
Extending the vision of automated vehicles with HD Maps and ADASIS
http://download.tomtom.com/open/banners/Elektrobit_TomTom_whitepaper.pdf

vision
p4: Localization:
GPS is only accurate down to a few meters and suffers from poor reception in tunnels and urban canyons, where accuracy can drop to tens of meters. In contrast, for automated and autonomous driving a vehicle must determine its position relative to its surroundings. To precisely position itself, the vehicle has to correlate HD Map data with the data obtained by its sensors in real time, resulting in a highly precise lateral and longitudinal position. This accurate localization allows a vehicle driving in ADAS/AD mode to keep a comfortable distance to road barriers, for example, in curves, increasing the reliability and safety of the function and thus also raising the comfort of the driver.
Environment perception:
Cameras, radars, laseLiDAR, and ultrasonic sensors enable a vehicle to perceive the environment around itself, including other vehicles, pedestrians, traffic signs, objects on the road, and lane markings. However, the car’s systems need to put the identified environmental elements into the right context. For example, in dense urban environments or on extensive highway crossings, a car needs to know which lane it is driving on. Equally, on an intersection with multiple traffic lights, an HD Map can help the vehicle’s sensors to correctly identify the relevant traffic light for the lane the car is traveling on.
Path planning:
Automated vehicles need to be able to plan their path at a very granular level, anticipating maneuvers across lanes. Relying only on the vehicle’s limited sensor rage can lead to inefficient path planning, as a vehicle might frequently change lanes to stick to the intended direction of travel. An HD Map helps improve path planning for automated vehicles by providing a longer horizon to the path planning entity. Thus again, the use of high-definition maps in ADAS and AD systems aims at increasing the safety of vehicle operation and increasing the trust that the driver puts into these systems. A common application is also whitelisting roads that a system has tested and approved. This approach allows a functional-safety-aware approach to introducing Level 3 and higher systems into the marketplace. Actually, maps can be comprehended as an addition the to the car’s sensors. With the help of map data, a car’s systems can anticipate the road ahead, far beyond the vehicle’s sensor range. Especially when traveling at high speeds, such as on highways, having a sensor range of just a few hundred meters or having their sensors blocked by large vehicles such as trucks may not be sufficient for a safe and comfortable experience. An “HD Map horizon” enables the vehicle to anticipate the road ahead and can even “see around corners” or compensate for poor visibility, for example, in rainy or foggy weather conditions. Moreover, this extended horizon can support more successful strategies, for example, in efficiency assistants. Furthermore, map data can also leverage safety and convenience features which OEMs can use for differentiation, such as predictive curve light systems, NCAP-targeted car safety systems, or advanced climate control. In order to enable the described applications, HD Maps do not only have to be highly accurate, but also absolutely up to date. When traffic signs are added and removed or lane markings are alt
….TomTom’s RoadDNA suite includes information about traffic signs, complementing camera sensors, a highly optimized point cloud of LiDAR roadside patterns, a model in individual lane markings in order to support cameras, a layer of reflection points where radar signals hit, LiDAR data describing the reflectivity of the road surface as well as a collection of vertical poles along the side of the road, working with all sensors.
…TomTom AutoStream allows customers to adapt the map data stream to their needs, based on e.g. sensor data or horizon length. It can stream ADAS Map features such as road gradient and curvature, and HD map features such as detailed lane level geometries. AutoStream provides a map access API and ensures the ADAS/AD system always has the latest map data to power advanced driving applications.
How to keep these maps up to date: Connected cars themselves contribute to the correctness and reliability of map data by sending selected sensor perceptions as so-called “Roadagrams” back to the TomTom cloud. TomTom partners with sensor vendors such as Denso and Hella Aglaia for this. Here, they are evaluated, interpreted, and combined with various other sources such as government data, stationary roadside sensors, or the results of targeted mapping vehicle surveys

.
...
…improves safety and eco-performance of driver assistance systems.
https://www.tomtom.com/products/adas-map/
Day 10 (?)
GLTAL
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2020.06.14 22:28 Ivan7250 How could the Second World War had been won by the Germans? ( It is NOT political ot something else!!)

World War 2 which occurred (1939-1945) was a global conflict. It took place at four continents including all the major powers and other countries. The conflict started with the German invasion of Poland on 1st of September. Before that date the world tension was sky high. It was unstable due to the Italian invasion of Ethiopia(1935), Japanese invasion of China(1937), Spanish civil war(1936), the Anschluss, Munich conference, German invasion of Czechoslovakia, and others.
During the Second World War Nazi Germany has made serious mistakes. Mainly they were made on the Eastern front after the beginning of 1942. The battles of Stalingrad and Kursk have inflicted irreversible damage to the Wehrmacht and Luftwaffe. After the battle for Kursk the Germans were not capable of organising and firing offense. The loses were tremendous. But what if we travel back to 1941 and influence the German high command. Let’s see!
May 1941 the Battle of Britain has ended inflicting heavy toll on the Luftwaffe. German invasion is ready to be launched in May. But in the real course of the war, Germany was engaged in the Balkan theatre and North Africa. This caused delay in mobilising and organising the Wehrmacht. But let’s presume that these fronts are not opened. Third German Reich against the USSR. The forces brought up in the fight are enormous. 3.9 million German soldiers cross the almost 3000 km border. They are supported by allied armies. Over 4300 German aircraft are brought in the fight, 3350 tanks and 46 000 artilleries. On the other hand the Soviet army was around 2,9 million capable of increasing to 5.5 million. They have had 35 000 to 40 000 aircraft, 15 000 tanks. They outnumbered the German army and air force but there was one significant advantage for the Germans. They had modernized equipment and trained army. Let’s presume that after the fall of France, Germany and Britain signed a peace treaty. Germans took under their control all of occupied North France and Vichy France. Norway is free, Balkan countries are untouched, and Vichy France leave their colonies to Britain. After that peace conference, Germany rejects the Tripartite Pact Italy too. Japan is alone without major allies. The attack on Pearl Harbor might not happen.
3rd of May 1941 Nazi Germany invades the USSR. Germany are deploying their strategy Blitzkrieg. The unprepared, untrained, unaware and under supplied soviet soldiers are smashed and trapped with lighting speed. Soviet planes are being destroyed before they can become airborne. Soviet cities are being sieged, thousands of soldiers and millions of citizens are being trapped, deprived from food and other essential supplies. The German casualties until the end of October are not more than 250 000, while the soviets have lost more than 2,5 million. Germany has air domination over the fronts. The loss ratio between German and Soviet aircraft is 1:50, while the loss ratio between German and Soviet tanks is 1:200. This statistics were not favorable to the USSR. In the begging of December, Germans are in front of the gates of Moscow, Leningrad was sieged and the Wehrmacht was near Stalingrad. Kiev, Minsk, Sevastopol, Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius, Smolensk and other big cities have fallen into German hands. 10th of December the battle of Moscow starts. It was 2 weeks battles with heavy casualties for the both sides. But after all Soviets had surrendered and left their capital. It was the second heaviest hit to the Soviet high command after the siege of Leningrad. After the acknowledge of this news, the soldiers trapped in Leningrad just surrendered. Leningrad falls too. Two vital for the USSR cities have fallen. The whole Wehrmacht is mobilising forward Stalingrad. On the 9th of February 1942 Germans have started the battle of Stalingrad. One week of horror. This battle was the last one of for the whole operation Barbarossa. The battle finished with German triumphal victory.17th of February Germany proclaims to be Greater German Reich. 18th of February peace conference in Germania (Berlin) Greater German Reich is being signed. USSR loses Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic nations, Moscow, Stalingrad, Caucasus, Sevastopol and Leningrad. At the end total loses for Germany are no more than a 600 000 and 6 798 054 for the USSR. The technology lost, cost millions. USSR has lost almost every tank and plane, while the Germans have lost no mere than 14% of their total equipment.
Germany recovers in 1 year due to the incalculable amounts of population, factories and harvest land annexed by the Reich. USSR have collapsed into several helpless countries. Germany becomes the only super power in the world. Their relationship with the USA and the UK are not good, but war between them is unthinkable. Something common to the cold war occurs.
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2020.06.08 14:22 rusticgorilla Lost in the Sauce: 5,000+ covid deaths a week with no end in sight

Welcome to Lost in the Sauce, keeping you caught up on political and legal news that often gets buried in distractions and theater… or a global health crisis.
I may do another protest/police-focused post this week, since it could not be included here.
Housekeeping:

Nominees and appointees

Fired-State Department Inspector General (IG) Steve Linick testified to Congress that he informed at least three top Pompeo aides that he was reviewing Pompeo and his wife’s use of government resources. Linick’s testimony undercuts Pompeo’s defense that he couldn’t have fired Linick in retaliation because he was unaware of what investigations the IG was pursuing.
  • Linick also told Congress that before he was fired, he had also submitted a formal document request for records related to Pompeo's and his wife's use of resources. Congressional committees have requested voluntary testimony from the three Pompeo aides. "There's more information we need," one of the lawmakers said. "If we are unable to obtain it voluntarily, it should be subpoenaed."
Senate Judiciary Committee Chair Chuck Grassley said he will block two of Trump’s nominees from confirmation until the administration explains watchdog firings... However, these two nominees - director of the National Counterterrorism Center and an undersecretary at the State Dept. - are relatively unimportant to Trump and are unlikely to spur action from the White House.
Trump’s appointee to the United States’ foreign aid agency has denounced liberal democracy and “our homo-empire.” The appointee, Merritt Corrigan, also wrote that Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban is “the shining champion of Western civilization.”
The Senate confirmed Trump’s nominee Michael Pack to lead the agency that oversees Voice of America despite the fact that Pack’s nonprofit organization is being investigated for possible tax violations. The vote was 53-38, with eight Democratic caucus members not present and Sen. Manchin (D-WV) voting in Pack’s favor.

What is Congress up to?

The Senate Intelligence Committee approved a measure that would require presidential campaigns to report offers of foreign election influence to federal authorities… The committee adopted the measure behind closed doors in a classified setting, adding it to the Intelligence Authorization Act, a bill setting policy for the intelligence community. Senate Republicans, however, are preparing to remove the provision from the bill when it heads to the Senate floor.
  • Sen. Warner has repeatedly tried to pass the bill in the Senate, but it's been blocked by Republicans, including Sen. Marsha Blackburn of Tennessee. After she blocked the bill in June 2019, calling it a "blatant political stunt," Trump tweeted his appreciation for her efforts.
Senate Foreign Relations Cmte. Chairman Jim Risch (R-ID) has abandoned efforts to get Pompeo to testify in a routine annual budget hearing… Risch has tried for months to persuade Pompeo to testify but has given up so as to preserve “political capital,” he reportedly said.
  • TO BE CLEAR: Republicans have given up on even the pretense of standard oversight. Sen. Risch is rubber-stamping everything from the White House in order to keep Trump happy.
The House Judiciary Committee has lined up whistleblowers to testify about alleged political interference inside the Justice Department as AG Barr continues to rebuff efforts by the panel to reschedule testimony he committed to in March. The whistleblower hearing has yet to be formally scheduled.
House Judiciary Cmte. Chairman Jerry Nadler has introduced legislation to cut $50 million from the DOJ’s General Administration account, which funds the Attorney General’s personal office… Nadler says the bill, which is unlikely to pass the Republican-controlled Senate, is a response to “continued defiance of Congress and improper politicization of the Department of Justice.”
  • Nadler: “The American people deserve answers from Mr. Barr about actions the Department has taken to harass states during the coronavirus epidemic, his improper interference in cases against President Trump’s political allies, and much more. Because the Attorney General refuses to appear before Congress to provide those answers, we must now use our budgeting authority to compel answers and to reign in his deplorable behavior.”
Senate Republicans authorized Homeland Security Cmte. Chairman Ron Johnson to issue a wide range of subpoenas as part of an investigation into the origins of the Russia probe and allegations of wrongdoing by top Obama administration officials. The Senate Judiciary Cmte. is scheduled to authorize Chairman Lindsey Graham to similarly issue dozens of subpoenas this week.
  • Graham's subpoena authorization covers 53 officials, while Johnson's names 35 individuals. Of those, there's an overlap of two-dozen names including John Brennan, James Clapper, James Comey, Lisa Page, Peter Strzok, and Susan Rice.
The GOP continue to push a Biden-Ukraine conspiracy, but last week Ukrainian prosecutors announced they found no evidence of wrongdoing on the part of Hunter Biden.
Former Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein testified before the Senate Judiciary Cmte. last week about the origins of the Russia probe… The hearing was not newsworthy, with Rosenstein refusing to be pinned down on anything. “He both meekly defended the investigation and meekly defended the president’s conduct with respect to the investigation—and, in order to do the latter, he, like Barr, overread the degree to which the investigation exonerated the president.”

The courts

D.C. Circuit sets a hearing on Michael Flynn's petition to force the district judge on his case to grant DOJ's motion to dismiss the prosecution for June 12.
  • The Justice Department is pressing forward with its criminal case against a former business partner of Michael Flynn, Bijan Rafiekian. The filing makes several mentions of Flynn’s integral role in the work that led to the two foreign-agent-related felony charges against Rafiekian and maintains the government’s position that Flynn was a co-conspirator in his business partner’s crimes — a curious stance as the government seeks to drop the criminal case it brought against Flynn more than two years ago.
The D.C. Court of Appeals affirmed that the White House unlawfully suspended the press credentials of Playboy Magazine reporter Brian Karem… The three-judge panel ruled that the suspension violated Karem’s constitutional rights because the White House had no written rules or advance notice about what would constitute unprofessional behavior that could temporarily cost him his press pass.
The DOJ has formally asked the Supreme Court to overturn a lower court decision granting House Democrats access to redacted grand jury materials from Mueller’s investigation…
The Trump administration has asked the Supreme Court to make it legal to ban same-sex couples from adopting… The DOJ argued that adoption agencies should be allowed to turn away same-sex couples “because it adheres to the belief that marriage is the union of a man and a woman”. Throughout the brief, the department argues that religious freedom must be protected above all else.
A former staffer on Trump's 2016 campaign has filed a new challenge against Trump's use of nondisclosure agreements, asking a New York court to rule in a lawsuit that the agreements drawn up by the campaign are "null, void and unenforceable."
Judge in Jeffrey Epstein grand jury case has ties to those with a stake in outcome… Krista Marx, the Palm Beach chief judge who also heads a panel that polices judicial conduct, has potential conflicts of interest involving three prominent players embroiled in the Epstein sex-trafficking saga: a state attorney, a sheriff, and a former state attorney.

Voting and elections

Both Trump and his press secretary committed voter fraud using residential addresses on their registrations that were not their residences. Kayleigh McEnany cast Florida ballots in 2018 using her parents’ address in Tampa, even though she lived in Washington, D.C., and held a New Jersey driver’s license. Trump cast a Florida ballot this year using a business address in Palm Beach, where he had promised the town government he would not live.
Derek Chauvin, the Minneapolis ex-cop accused of killing George Floyd, allegedly voted illegally in two Florida elections. “While living in Minnesota, working there, paying taxes there, Derek Chauvin cannot claim residency in Orange County,” a Florida candidate for election supervisor writes.
Texas appeals court blocked a lower court ruling that would have allowed people to mail in their ballots to avoid being exposed to the coronavirus. This won’t be the last word in the matter - the courts have been going back and forth on the matter for the past two months.
A judge ruled that Tennessee must give all of its registered voters the option to cast ballots by mail during the coronavirus pandemic. The ruling is likely to be appealed.
The Wisconsin Supreme Court will try to decide whether to remove 129,000 voters from the rolls… The justices declined last Monday to immediately take voters off the rolls and may not rule on the case before the election.
Good read: Stacey Abrams op-ed: I Know Voting Feels Inadequate Right Now. “Voting will not save us from harm, but silence will surely damn us all.”

Coronavirus

America is still experiencing a minimum of 5,000 confirmed deaths from the coronavirus per week, with many states experiencing spikes in cases over the past few days. Charts,
  • For example, Florida has had the most new cases in the last 4 days of any 4 days in the whole outbreak (and that’s not taking into account that the state is undercounting). Texas has seen the most new cases of any 5 days during the outbreak, as has Arizona. Utah, California, Arkansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee also have increasing cases. NYT and JHU.
ICUs across the country are pretty full. In 12 states, plus DC, more than 70% of beds in ICUs are occupied. CDC. Rising ICU bed use “a big red flag.”
Amid a shortage of swabs for COVID tests, the factory Trump visited in Maine will have to throw out all swabs produced during the president’s visit, likely due to Trump and associates refusing to wear face masks. Nearly a third of Maine nursing homes reported last month they had no nasal swabs to collect specimens.
Local health officials relied on the CDC to track Americans returning from China in February, but the data was flawed. “Just let them go,” CDC told local officials frustrated by the inability to track potential early spreaders.
The US has failed to spend more than 75 percent of the American humanitarian aid that Congress provided three months ago to help overseas victims of the virus. “Little to no humanitarian assistance has reached those on the front lines of this crisis in the world’s most fragile context,” executives at 27 relief organizations wrote to the aid agency’s acting administrator, John Barsa, in a letter dated Thursday.
How a St. Petersburg company with no history in medical supplies won a $10 million coronavirus contract. The Trump administration handed out large contracts without much vetting. As a result, a Florida-based company was granted a contract in the first week of its existence.
A section of the House’s coronavirus relief bill championed by Virginia Dem Gerry Connolly contains billions for defense contractors. The provision would cover executive compensation and other perks for defense and intel contractors. The legislation’s wording mirrors what an industry group proposed.
Former Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA) has booked his first lobbying client, a company promising a COVID-19 cure and led by a California businessman who’s been collaborating with Rudy Giuliani on a documentary on Joe Biden and Ukraine.

Miscellaneous

Trump ordered nearly 10,000 US troops to leave Germany. The move is the latest twist in relations between Berlin and Washington, which have often been strained during Trump’s presidency.
In another move that is sure to make Putin happy, Trump pressed to invite Russia to this year’s G7 summit. Trump and Putin spoke by phone last Monday and reportedly discussed the meeting. Other members of G7 have spoken out against the idea.
  • Reminder: Last month, Trump announced the US is withdrawing from the Open Skies treaty, another move that allows Russia more freedom to operate as a rogue power.
A federal judge ruled against the Interior Dept. in its attempt to disestablish the reservation land of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe… “The DC District Court righted what would have been a terrible and historic injustice by finding that the Department of the Interior broke the law in attempting to take our land out of trust,” said Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Chairman, Cedric Cromwell.
A Twitter Account That Copies Trump's Tweets Word For Word Got Suspended Within 3 Days. Does Twitter have special rules for President Trump? Yes, and this account just proved it.
Civil rights leaders say they’re ‘disappointed and stunned’ after call with Facebook’s Zuckerberg and Sandberg… Zuckerberg gave “incomprehensible explanations” for not taking action against President Trump’s “looting ... shooting” post.
Environmental news:
  • Trump rule changes will allow Alaskan hunters to kill bear cubs, wolf pups in their dens.
  • The Trump administration moved forward Friday with plans to scale back a century-old law protecting most American wild bird species despite warnings that billions of birds could die as a result.
  • President Trump vowed Friday to open the nation’s only national monument in the Atlantic Ocean to commercial fishing. He signed a proclamation declaring the opening after attending a roundtable discussion with commercial fishermen in Bangor, Maine.
  • Trump signed an executive order instructing agencies to waive long-standing environmental laws to speed up federal approval for new mines, highways, pipelines and other projects given the current economic “emergency.” Critics say the move will disproportionately impact communities of color.
Immigration news:
  • Report finds ICE detention centre is using a disinfectant over 50 times a day that causes bleeding and pain
  • Homeland Security’s Inspector General Is Opening A Review Of The Department’s Treatment Of Pregnant Detainees. The announcement comes following BuzzFeed News’ report of a woman giving birth in a detention center near San Diego.
  • ICE special agents detain Floyd protester in NYC. "The fact that he's a man of Puerto Rican descent is really concerning because it raises questions about racial profiling," said Terry Lawson, of the Immigrant Defense Project.
  • The Trump Administration Said It Didn’t Change Policy To Deny Housing Loans To DACA Recipients. Emails Show Otherwise. New documents show that the Trump administration moved to block young undocumented immigrants from federal housing loans in 2018.
  • People are sawing through and climbing over Trump’s border wall. Now contractors are being asked for ideas to make it less vulnerable.
  • Supreme Court rules immigrants who fear torture can appeal deportations in court
  • Dozens Of Immigrant Families Who Were Separated At The Border Likely Shouldn't Have Been, An Internal Report Found
submitted by rusticgorilla to Keep_Track [link] [comments]


2020.06.04 00:18 malibu_gas_station What to buy in Germany or Spain with 3000€?

I am not a car person, but I would like to get a used one for my parents and ocasionally me. I have 3000€ to spend (could be a bit more if the car is specially nice).
I am thinking of buying in Germany as I'm here and is usually cheaper (more cars too), and go down to Spain driving. I do know there's costs associated with registering in Spain later but it might be worth it (maybe? let me know if you know about this pls)
I'm not looking for any sports or high speed car, it must be a family car, a hatchback type or similar. It has to be something ample because sometimes I move things around, and also a bike, etc.
Do you know any good models to look for in that range? And how old would you look for with that amount of money? Is it unrealistic to expect a 2nd hand to last for a decade with these restrictions (taking care of it and fixing it of course)?
I was looking around a bit and people seem to recommend e.g. Ford because it's reliable and will be easy and cheap to repair if needed. I like that.
For example a search on mobile.de gives me this Ford Focus from 2009 with 80.000km. I like it, is this a good deal?
Another example is this Xsara Picasso from 2009 with 120.000km.
Thanks a lot!!
submitted by malibu_gas_station to UsedCars [link] [comments]


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